Open Data

NOAA is working to make all of its data available to an even wider group of people and make it more easily understood (Image: NOAA).

The goal of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is to put all of its data — data about weather, climate, ocean coasts, fisheries, and ecosystems – into the hands of the people who need it most. The trick is translating the hard data and making it useful to people who aren’t necessarily subject matter experts, said Edward Kearns, the NOAA’s first ever data officer, speaking at the recent Open Source Leadership Summit (OSLS).  

NOAA’s mission is similar to NASA’s in that it is science based, but “our mission is operations; to get the quality information to the American people that they need to run their businesses, to protect their lives and property, to manage their water resources, to manage their ocean resources,” said Kearns, during his talk titled “Realizing the Full Potential of NOAA’s Open Data.”

He said that NOAA was doing Big Data long before the term was coined and that the agency has way too much of it – to the tune of 30 petabytes in its archives with another 200 petabytes of data in a working data store. Not surprisingly, NOAA officials have a hard time moving it around and managing it, Kearns said.

Data Sharing

NOAA is a big consumer of open source and sharing everything openly is part of the organization’s modus operandi. On a global level, “the agency has been a leader for the entire United States in trying to broker data sharing among countries,” Kearns said. One of the most successful examples has been through the United Nations, with an organization called World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Agency officials have a tendency to default making their products accessible in the public domain, something Kearns said he’d like to change. By adopting some modern licensing practices, he believes the NOAA could actually share even more information with the public. “The Linux Foundation has made progress on the community data license agreement. This is one the things I’d like to possibly consider adopting for our organization,’’ he added.

One of the great success stories the NOAA has in terms of getting critical data to the public was after Hurricane Irma hit Florida in September 2017, he said.

“As you can imagine, there were a lot of American citizens that were hungry for information and were hitting the NOAA websites very hard and data sites very hard,’’ he said. “Typically, we have a hard time keeping up with that kind of demand.” The National Hurricane Center is part of the NOAA, and the agency took the NHC’s website and put it on Amazon Cloud.

This gave the agency the ability to handle over a billion hits a day during the peak hurricane season. But, he continued, “we are still … just starting to get into how to adopt some of these more modern technologies to do our job better.”

Equal Access

Now the NOAA is looking to find a way to make the data available to an even wider group of people and make it more easily understood. Those are their two biggest challenges: how to disseminate data and how to help people understand it, Kearns said.

“We’re getting hammered every day by a lot of companies that want the data… and we have to make sure everybody’s got an equal chance of getting the data,” he said.

This is becoming a harder job because demand is growing exponentially, he said. “Our costs are going up because we need more servers, we need more networks,” and it’s a problem due to budget constraints.

The agency decided that partnering with industry would help facilitate the delivery of data.

The NOAA is going into the fourth year of a deal it signed with Amazon, Microsoft, IBM, Google, and a nonprofit out of the University of the Chicago called the Open Commons Consortium (OCC), Kearns said. The agreement is that NOAA data will remain free and open and the OCC will host it at no cost to taxpayers and monetize services around the data.

The agency is using an academic partner acting as a data broker to help it “flip this data and figure out how to drop it into all of our collaborators’ cloud platforms, and they turn it around and serve many consumers from that,” Kearns explained. “We went from a one-to-many, to a one-to-a-few, to a many model of distribution.”

People trust NOAA’s data today because they get it from a NOAA data service, he said. Now the agency is asking them to trust the NOAA data that exists outside the federal system on a partner system.

On AWS alone the NOAA has seen an improvement of over two times the number of people who are using the data, he said. The agency in turn, has seen a 50 percent reduction in hits on the NOAA servers.

Google has loaded a lot of the agency’s climate data to its BigQuery data warehouse, “and they’ve been able to move petabytes of this data just in a few months, just because the data now has been loaded into a tool people are already using.”

This “reduces that obstacle of understanding,’’ Kearns noted. “You don’t have to understand a scientific data format, you can go right into BigQuery… and do analyses.”

Data Trust

Being able to trust data is also an important component of any shared initiative, and through the NOAA’s Big Data Project, the agency is seeking ways of ensuring that the trust that comes with the NOAA brand is conveyed with the data, he said, so people continue to trust it as they use it.  

“We have a very proud history of this open data leadership, we’re continuing on that path, and we’re trying to see how we can amplify that,’’ Kearns said.

NOAA officials are now wondering if the data is being made available through these modern cloud platforms will make it easier for users to create information products for themselves and their customers.

“Of course, we’re also looking for other ways of just doing our business better,’’ he added. But they want to figure out if it makes sense to continue this experiment with its partners. That, he said, they will likely know by early next year.

Watch the complete presentation below:


Openness ensures scalability, accessibility, resiliency, and innovation, said Change Healthcare’s Aaron Symanski at Open Source Leadership Summit.

Blockchain technology is heralded to become a broadly disruptive force in the coming years. According to a Forbes story, blockchain is already revolutionizing contracts, payment processing, asset protection, and supply chain management. However, partly due to the industry’s emphasis on records, authentication and people-centric processes, healthcare is predicted to be one of the fields that blockchain will truly transform.

That was the key message at an Open Source Leadership Summit keynote address titled “Blockchain Technology at Change Healthcare” by Aaron Symanski, CTO at Change Healthcare. In his talk, Symanski said that blockchain is already impacting the healthcare system.

Symanski made the point that from the 1960s through now, computers, networks, mobility and automation have driven societal change, and now blockchain is set for disruption. Specifically, he said that blockchain will usher in a healthcare future where information is:

  • Immediately available
  • Identical everywhere it is stored
  • Immutable
  • User-centric and controlled by the contributor

He also emphasized that open source efforts, such as The Linux Foundation’s Hyperledger Project, are driving blockchain forward and are essential. He said that openness ensures scalability, accessibility, resiliency, and innovation. “Participating in The Hyperledger Project has made a lot of sense for us,” Symanski noted. “It protects protocol governance, node management, consensus mechanisms, and more and these are all very important in the healthcare industry.”

Trusted workflow

“Trust is very different in healthcare that it is, in say, financial applications,” he emphasized. “Healthcare is very fragmented, especially in the U.S. What is identity? Who has the right to see records? What portions of the record can a person see?”

Change Healthcare works with Hyperledger Fabric for its blockchain applications, partly because it’s a modular, extensible architecture. It has enabled smart contracts, flexible consensus management, and applicability across industries ranging from insurance to healthcare itself.

“Claims management is one of the first applications that our healthcare network has leveraged blockchain for,” Symanski said. “It helps streamline data and rights management and the platform helps manage visibility and transparency.” Hyperledger Fabric is at the core of the platform that ensures that, say, an insurance provider can process claims with Change Healthcare efficiently.

Symanski emphasized that Change Healthcare is still in the early stages of its planned use cases for blockchain. Indeed, the whole healthcare industry is. According to a report from Frost and Sullivan Research: “At its core, blockchain offers the potential of a shared platform that decentralizes health data, ensuring access control, authenticity, and integrity of protected health information. Further, the blockchain-based distributed network consensus with cryptography techniques provides an additional layer of trust to minimize cybersecurity threats for healthcare IT systems. This never-before blockchain-based trusted workflow with a “single source of truth” presents the healthcare industry with radical new possibilities for outcome-based care delivery and reimbursement models.”

Meanwhile, according to a recent post on the Hyperledger blog, “Hyperledger remains the fastest growing open source project ever hosted by The Linux Foundation.” To find out more about blockchain and Hyperledger, check out the case studies, a webinar, and training resources available from

Watch the entire Open Source Leadership Summit presentation below:

Learn more about Hyperledger in this upcoming webinar from The Linux Foundation. Join Tracy Kuhrt & David Boswell, Tuesday, April 17, 2018 at 10:00am Pacific as they discuss the various Hyperledger projects and how to get involved.

14 organizations from India to Switzerland, BVIs to Spain invest in open blockchain & distributed ledger technologies

SAN FRANCISCO – (March 28, 2018) – Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, announced today that 14 new organizations have joined the project. With these new members, the Hyperledger community has grown to 231 organizations in more than 25 countries.

Hyperledger has gained significant traction as a multi-project, multi-stakeholder effort and now includes 10 business blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. Building on the momentum from the Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0 release at the end of January, the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee recently accepted Hyperledger Caliper, a blockchain performance benchmarking tool, into incubation. Additionally, Hyperledger Fabric version 1.1.0 was released just last week.

“The accelerating pace of growth and adoption of Hyperledger across industries and geographies underscores the power of our community and the technologies it is building,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “It also reflects a global awakening to the impact of blockchain for business. Every day, we hear from organizations with new ideas and new applications for our frameworks. Our growing and diverse membership is key to turning that energy and innovation into the building blocks for increasingly business critical deployments.”

Hyperledger aims to enable organizations to build robust, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions by creating enterprise-grade, open source distributed ledger frameworks and code bases. It is a global collaboration of leaders in finance, banking, IoT, supply chain, manufacturing and technology. The latest general members to join are: Beijing Truth Technology, Blockchain Technology Partners, CULedger, Greenstream Technology, KompiTech, MATRIX Foundation, REMME, Ripple, Shenzhen Rongxun Technology, Spin Systems, Versia and Xiilab Co.

Hyperledger supports an open community that values contributions and participation from various entities. As such, pre-approved non-profits, open source projects and government entities can join Hyperledger at no cost as associate members. Associate members joining this month include: Cambridge Centre For Alternative Finance (University of Cambridge) and Kerala Blockchain Academy.

New member quotes:

Beijing Truth Technology

“Truth Tech views the adoption of blockchain technology as a powerful tool for helping us accelerate our mission of developing a universal legal blockchain underlying infrastructure,” said Rokken Shek, Founder, Beijing Truth Technology Co., Ltd. “We are actively aggregating the leading technology and resources of Hyperledger and collaborating with the community on our industrial blockchain – a unified, legally trustworthy cloud computing platform designed to eliminate isolated information islands, ensure data security, promote the valuable flow of data and enhance the government authority and service level of judiciary in public data service. Additionally, we are actively constructing the ‘Legaltech Blockchain Alliance,’ called legalXchain, by using Hyperledger Fabric as the framework to serve intelligent judiciary, Internet nomocracy, Internet governance transparency, copyright protection and digital assets trading.”

Blockchain Technology Partners

“After being an active member of the Hyperledger community for the past two years at my previous company, Cloudsoft, engaging with the community at BTP was a priority,” said Duncan Johnston-Watt, CEO of Blockchain Technology Partners. “BTP is committed to both consuming and contributing to open source. We provide a production ready blockchain platform built using Hyperledger Sawtooth, and we partner with businesses to deliver blockchain-based solutions that we then operate on their behalf using Apache Brooklyn. Our first customer is The Scotcoin Project, which is the community interest company behind Scotcoin, Scotland’s digital currency.”


“Until now, CULedger’s involvement in Hyperledger has been through our valued partners,” said Julie Esser, Chief Engagement Officer of CULedger. “We are excited and honored to have this direct relationship with Hyperledger to help advance our global self-sovereign digital identity strategy for the more than 230 million credit union members worldwide.”

Greenstream Technology

“We are honoured to become members of Hyperledger and the Linux Foundation,” said Manu Varghese, Chief Product Officer of Greenstream. “We strongly believe that this association will support Greenstream as we achieve our vision of developing a secure, compliant & trusted enterprise grade blockchain solution for the emerging legal Cannabis industry in Canada. The collaboration through Hyperledger will provide us the resources, tools and relationships to ramp up our development of the Greenstream platform. We are excited to actively participate in the community and to drive the development of a leading-edge blockchain solution for the Canadian market.”


“It has been really exciting working with Hyperledger in recent months, and KompiTech is delighted to join the Hyperledger family,” said Greg Erhahon, CEO, KompiTech. “As a Swiss company dedicated to the delivery of quality services, we recognize the impact blockchain technology can have in optimizing our processes and helping our customers to get things done in the real world. With the power of blockchain, our platform of IT Service Providers has the potential to vastly reduce cost and complexity of delivering IT Services to customers globally.”

MATRIX Foundation

“It is our great honor to join the Hyperledger community,” said Steve DengMATRIX Chief AI Scientist. “Following the spirit of openness and global collaboration, Hyperledger has done a great job in promoting scalable and safe blockchain technologies, which are coincident with MATRIX’s pursuit to build a faster, safer and easier-to-use platform running AI-empowered smart contracts. We look forward to working with other members of Hyperledger to make contributions for a human society with an unprecedented level of freedom and trust.”


“The REMME PKI (d) protocol we’re building makes use of Hyperledger Sawtooth, so joining the project came naturally,” said Alex Momot, Founder and CEO, REMME. “We’re big admirers, not only of this blockchain technology, but of the people behind it. While we’re currently focused on building out the alpha release of the REMME Core protocol, we anticipate collaborating directly with other members of Hyperledger in future. By doing so, we hope to further adoption and understanding of blockchains and the many ways in which they can benefit business across all industries.”


“Through our partnership with Hyperledger, developers worldwide will be able to access Interledger Protocol (ILP) in Java for enterprise use,” Stefan Thomas, Ripple CTO. “The Hyperledger Quilt project connects Hyperledger blockchains with other ILP-capable payment systems such as XRP Ledger, Ethereum, Bitcoin (Lightning), Litecoin, Mojaloop and RippleNet, helping us to deliver on our vision for an Internet of Value – where money moves as information does today.”

Shenzhen Rongxun Technology

“The core potential of blockchain is the characteristics of the distributed database and how it helps transparency, security, and efficiency,” said Qian Zheng, Rongxun Technology Blockchain Leader. “Rongxun Technology is delighted to join Hyperledger, as it is an important step in blockchain for us. We look forward to working with various Hyperledger communities and business partners to promote the development of blockchain technology.”

Spin Systems, Inc.

“We are excited to work alongside our customers and partners to develop blockchain solutions for the financial, legal and healthcare industries,“ said Mr. Wael Ali, CEO, Spin Systems Inc. “We see a clear opportunity for innovative technology companies to address the cost, interoperability, and data security challenges across these organizations. Our partnership with The Linux Foundation and Hyperledger reinforces our commitment to using open standards and platforms for building highly scalable blockchain applications.”


“At Versia, we are excited to be part of the evolution of Blockchain,” said Manu Mosteiro, Founder and CEO, Versia. “Innovation is in our DNA and we want to share it with the Hyperledger community and collaborate in the development of this technology that will change the way we do business and surely other areas of social behaviour.”


“Xiilab is excited to join Hyperledger and looks forward to collaborating on our goal to deliver our solution,” said Wooyung Lee, CEO, Xiilab. “Our solution is to provide Data Trading for any creative Digital Assets with a fast, fair and transparent environment. We look forward to working with our members, business partners, clients and the diverse Hyperledger community to bring a comprehensive and, yet, crucial solution to the Digital Trading market.”

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit:

Hyperledger Sawtooth

Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger, and Dan Middleton, Intel’s Head of Technology, Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Program, recently hosted a webinar, titled “Hyperledger Sawtooth v1.0: Market Significance & Technical Overview,” which is now available as a video replay.

Blockchain technology —  which encompasses smart contracts and distributed ledgers — can be used to record promises, trades, and transactions of many types. Countless organizations, ranging from IBM to Wells Fargo and the London Stock Exchange Group are partnering to drive the technology forward, and The Linux Foundation’s Hyperledger Project is an open source collaborative effort aimed at advancing cross-industry blockchain technologies. Recently, the project announced the arrival of Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0, a major milestone for the Hyperledger community, which represents the second blockchain framework that has reached production-ready status.

In conjunction with the release, Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger, and Dan Middleton, Intel’s Head of Technology, Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Program, hosted a webinar, titled “Hyperledger Sawtooth v1.0: Market Significance & Technical Overview.” The webinar is now available as a video replay (registration required).

“For us, version 1.0 is a very special milestone,” Behlendorf said. “It’s a signal to developers that this code is ready to be used in production environments with live digital assets. Anyone can use the code for free — it’s under an Apache license.”

Middleton noted where key resources for using Sawtooth reside and encouraged looking through the demonstrations and examples:

He also delved into the design motivations for Sawtooth, and described how anyone can develop applications with it. “Blockchain is a new kind of database that is special in several ways,” he said. “It’s distributed, and is optimized for use in enterprises. We’re especially focused on use cases in enterprises for business-to-business scenarios. With Sawtooth we have focused on making sure that businesses can take this technology and efficiently replicate it across their networks. We have ensured that multiple companies can efficiently read and edit the same database. There are a whole lot of use cases out there, ranging from the financial sector to supply chain management to access control management that have this requirement.”

Middleton noted that, among other design motivations, Sawtooth is designed for use at scale. It is able to keep distributed ledgers distributed, able to keep contracts safe, and is easy to use. He highlighted many features, including: parallel execution, multi-language support, supply chain management, permissioning; and on-chain governance.

The Sawtooth announcement post delves into new features in more detail, highlighting the following:

  • On-chain governance – Utilize smart contracts to vote on blockchain configuration settings.
  • Advanced transaction execution engine – Process transactions in parallel to accelerate block creation and validation.
  • Support for Ethereum – Run smart contracts and integrate with Ethereum tooling.
  • Dynamic Consensus – Upgrade or swap the blockchain consensus protocol on the fly.

There are also plans to streamline performance and enhance privacy. Within the core, maintainers are looking to add consensus options for those planning to run small networks. On the privacy front, contributors are investigating both trusted execution and zero-knowledge cryptographic approaches.

The Hyperledger project incubates and promotes a range of business blockchain technologies, including distributed ledger frameworks, smart contract engines, client libraries, utility libraries, graphical interfaces, and sample applications. Case studies and training resources are available from

Stay tuned for the next Hyperledger webinar coming up on April 17, 2018. In this presentation, Hyperledger’s Tracy Kuhrt and David Boswell will demystify the nine different Hyperledger projects and provide pointers on how to navigate the various frameworks.

Strong growth follows second milestone launch of production ready blockchain framework, Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0

SAN FRANCISCO – (February 27, 2018) Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, announced today that 11 new organizations have joined the project. As a multi-project, multi-stakeholder effort, Hyperledger incubates nine business blockchain and distributed ledger technologies, including Hyperledger Fabric, Hyperledger Iroha, Hyperledger Indy, Hyperledger Burrow, Hyperledger Quilt and Hyperledger Sawtooth, among others.

“It’s very gratifying to see the momentum behind Hyperledger continue in 2018, two years after the project first started,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “The community’s development efforts have led us to release two production-ready frameworks and we’ve grown to more than 200 members in that time. Members add a great amount of value to our ecosystem and I look forward to contributions by this new set of organizations as more production deployments take shape later this year.”

Hyperledger aims to enable organizations to build robust, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions by creating enterprise-grade, open source distributed ledger frameworks and code bases. It is a global collaboration of more than 200 organizations including leaders in finance, banking, IoT, supply chain, manufacturing and technology. The latest general members are: 8Common, ArcBlock, Data Deposit Box, FORFIRM, ForgeRock, Inspur, Nexiot, ~sedna GmbH and Smart Block Laboratory.

Hyperledger supports an open community that values contributions and participation from various entities. As such, pre-approved non-profits, open source projects and government entities can join Hyperledger at no cost as Associate members. Associate members joining this month include: Peking University and

New member quotes:


“8common is very excited to join the Hyperledger family and we look forward to contributing our experience to design, develop and operationalise blockchain solutions,” said Nic Lim, Executive Chairman, 8common Limited. “Our core business, expense8, a leading government and large enterprise platform for credit card, travel and expense management in Australia, is well positioned to leverage blockchain to future proof our platform and collaborate with fellow Hyperledger members to deliver new platforms.”


“Joining ​Hyperledger is a significant step for ArcBlock in making our platform enterprise-ready and accelerating our customers’ journey to production,” said Robert Mao, Founder and CEO, ArcBlock, Inc. “Our commitment to ​Hyperledger will help enterprise-grade blockchain technology adoption and will enable clients to innovate in most demanding applications through our innovative ArcBlock platform.”

Data Deposit Box

“We are very pleased to join the Hyperledger community and look forward to collaborating in our goal to deliver innovative blockchain solutions for our partners and clients worldwide,” said Tim Jewell, CEO, Data Deposit Box. “It is important to be part of such a diverse and talented community as we innovate at such a rapid pace. Our partners and clients are depending on applications to use common interfaces so they can select between blockchain service providers without the need for implementation changes. It took many years for S3 to become widely accepted as a standard interface for storage. We hope to help in the evolution of a simple blockchain service (SBS) and we know Hyperledger will be at the core.”


“We are honored to become members of Hyperledger,” said Gaspare Corona, Blockchain Leader, FORFIRM. “Having actively worked with Hyperledger for some time, this decision is reflective of our desire to take our involvement to the next level and become a participant and contributor to the foundation. FORFIRM has developed a European network of blockchain specialists, working with clients across multiple industries to explore this disruptive technology and deliver it now.”


“ForgeRock is delighted to join Hyperledger,” said Lasse Andresen, Chief Technology Officer, Co-founder, ForgeRock. “Hyperledger’s many strengths, such as performance, scalability, a modular architecture, and strong cryptography features provide many synergies with the ForgeRock Identity Platform’s goal to ‘connect, protect and respect’ — building trusted digital relationships with customers and the mobile devices and smart things with which they interact.”


“As a revolutionary technology, blockchain will bring great changes to various industries and we’re excited to be part of Hyperledger,” said Mr. XiaoXue, Vice President, Inspur. “Currently, based on blockchain, Inspur is building a quality improvement ecosystem of multi-participation, connectivity and co-governance and sharing to facilitate implementation of a ‘Quality China’ Strategy.”


“Nexiot provides an end-to-end logistics platform that brings transparency and accountability to the supply chain. We are proud to join the Hyperledger community and see this as a significant step towards delivering blockchain enterprise-ready solutions for the logistics industry,” said Tzvetan Horozov, CTO, Nexiot. “Our technology enables a unique set of use-cases by providing real-time asset visibility, smart events processing and advanced data augmentation. We look forward to working with the diverse Hyperledger community and business partners to advance industrial process automation, technology innovation and maximize ROI.”

~sedna GmbH

“We are thrilled to become members of Hyperledger and The Linux Foundation,” said Rolf Maurer and Guido Matzer, Founders of ~sedna GmbH. “The integration of our solutions into hybrid corporate networks of things and creating stable and secure managed services for multichannel content distribution and playout including lifecycle management with p2p solutions for distributed locations is key to our future work. We are looking forward to collaborating with other members and contributing to the Hyperledger community.”

Smart Block Laboratory

“We’re thrilled to join Hyperledger and are proud to be part of this effort to create an open standard for distributed ledger technology,” said Pavel Lvov, Founder and CEO, Smart Block Laboratory. “We at Smart Block Laboratory, as a business partner of IBM, believe blockchain is the next evolution in how data will be stored and shared and we’re looking forward to working with this diverse community. Hyperledger membership will definitely provide us with the opportunity to onrush our newest CRYPTOENTER blockchain-based payment system and IoTNet platform, which is powered by Hyperledger Fabric blockchain technology.”

The call for papers is also now open for the inaugural Hyperledger Global Forum, taking place later this year, December 12-15 in Basel, Switzerland. Submit a talk today:

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit:

Guest post: Aaron Symanski, CTO, Change Healthcare

In many of the discussions that I have had regarding blockchain, business models are a frequent topic. Why use a new technology like blockchain instead of an existing, well understood, proven, cost effective technology? What makes blockchain radically different?

To answer, let’s start with a simple history of the evolution of communication, the evolution of how one person shared a concept with another person. What was visual (point at it), became verbal (speak and hear), became written (write and read), and then became an electronic transmission. Telegraph became radio became television. Each approach was essentially the same: describe something in enough detail such that the listener could create the same picture in their mind or on their device.

In these approaches, the sender strives for enough detail that the listener can create an identical view. Complete accuracy is difficult.  Differences are basically guaranteed, especially if changes occur to the picture by either party. Reconciliations attempt to repair the differences.  Doubts gather whether the sender and receiver are staying on the same page. In some cases, the cost of reconciliation is so high that it is simply ignored and differences accumulate.

Some mitigations have arisen. The simplistic sending of a flat file, as a description of the object, has moved to the use of APIs. Systems now agree to the verbs used with an object and to use the verbs to communicate actions about the object. These verbs make up an API. With such, two or more systems can communicate about an object without actually exchanging the object.  Color the car red, Credit the account $500.

Blockchain technology adds a new approach to our toolkits. Blockchain technology enables the sender and receiver to always interact with the same object, the same noun. The local copy of the object is complete and synchronized across each participant of the blockchain network. No explicit interpretation or reconciliation needed. We now have a new tool, a new ability to share the noun, a single nounThe historic approaches of trying to describe, create, and work through verbs are not limiters any more.

By sharing the noun, blockchains create opportunities for new paradigms where all participants see the same object and every change to the object. The verbs do not need to be agreed upon. This freedom to interact with the noun, a shared object, without agreement as to how, is a very different and new approach.

How do we think about existing business models in a model of sharing the noun? Submitting a medical claim becomes simply placing it on the blockchain. After that, all participants can edit, approve, pay, reject, bundle, and take any action they want on the claim. Imagine six companies, sharing a blockchain. Each has connected their systems to the blockchain to take action as changes are seen on the chain, and to submit their own changes to the chain. Everyone on the network can work simultaneously. As every participant sees every change on the claim, taking action on edits becomes easy and automatic.

This model of sharing a noun is unlike any business process today. No longer restricted by previous modes of communication, we can each see the same noun and operate on it together. We have an opportunity to move from linear, assembly-line workflows to constant and simultaneous interaction. This is an exciting opportunity and to explore it, we must begin using blockchains in our production processes. We should not seek the “killer app.” Instead, we should create a thousand new opportunities for new interactions, value creation, and niches in our ecosystems. As these opportunities succeed and some fail, we will learn. Let’s begin exploring the uncharted areas of our maps.

This article originally appeared at Hyperledger.

New event to help financial IT executives learn about open source best practices and technologies

SAN FRANCISCO, February 13, 2018The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced the launch of a new event, Open FinTech Forum: AI, Blockchain, Kubernetes & Quantum on Wall Street (OFTF), taking place October 10-11, 2018 in New York City.

OFTF will bring CIOs and senior technologists from financial services firms together with open source community maintainers and strategists to learn about building internal open source programs and get an in depth look at how to use the most disruptive open source technologies of the moment to drive efficiency and flexibility; enable new products, services and capabilities; strengthen license compliance; and attract and maintain top talent.

“We’ve created this event in part because we’re seeing strong interest from the financial services industry in contributing to projects like Hyperledger, Cloud Foundry Foundation, Cloud Native Computing Foundation, OpenMAMA and others,” said Jim Zemlin, Executive Director of The Linux Foundation. “We want others to understand how they can be involved in open source as they evolve their own solutions. Open FinTech Forum will provide an opportunity for financial services firms to continue to learn the best ways to consume, and contribute to, open source technologies.”

The two day forum will feature technical tracks on:

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Blockchain/Distributed Ledger
  • Kubernetes, Containers & Cloud Native Apps
  • Networking
  • Quantum Computing

There will also be an in depth tutorial on building internal open source programs.

The Linux Foundation in accepting proposals for sessions through July 13, 2018 at 11:59 pm PT.

Registration is now open, and options include one day passes for tutorials on October 10th or keynotes and technical tracks on October 11, as well as a combo pass for both days. As with all Linux Foundation events, diversity and needs-based scholarships are available.

The Linux Foundation events are where the world’s leading technologists meet, collaborate, learn and network to advance innovations that support the world’s largest shared technologies.

Members of the media who would like to request a press pass to attend should contact Dan Brown at

Additional Resources

YouTube: Why Attend Linux Foundation Events (

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page:

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

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Second production-ready framework launched by The Linux Foundation’s open blockchain consortium

SAN FRANCISCO, CA – (January 30, 2018) – Hyperledger, a collaborative cross-industry effort created to advance blockchain technology, announced today the general availability of Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0. Hosted by The Linux Foundation, Hyperledger Sawtooth is a modular platform for building, deploying, and running distributed ledgers. Hyperledger Sawtooth is the second active Hyperledger project to reach 1.0, following Hyperledger Fabric 1.0 in July 2017.

“We’re beyond excited to see not one, but two of Hyperledger’s active projects hit 1.0,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “This is a huge testament to the strong collaboration of our growing community – I look forward to seeing even more products and services being powered by Hyperledger Sawtooth later this year.”

Hyperledger Sawtooth is an open source distributed ledger framework and one of the nine business blockchain and distributed ledger technologies hosted by The Linux Foundation. Hyperledger Sawtooth delivers unique capabilities. A few examples are included below:

  • On-chain governance – Utilize smart contracts to vote on blockchain configuration settings such as the allowed participants and smart contracts.
  • Advanced transaction execution engine – Process transactions in parallel to accelerate block creation and validation.
  • Support for Ethereum – Run solidity smart contracts and integrate with Ethereum tooling.
  • Dynamic consensus – Upgrade or swap the blockchain consensus protocol on the fly as your network grows, enabling the integration of more scalable algorithms as they are available.
  • Broad language support – Program smart contracts in your preferred language, with support including Go, JavaScript, Python and more.

The efforts around Hyperledger Sawtooth have grown significantly; from the initial code contribution in April 2016, to Active status graduation in May 2017, to today’s version 1.0 availability. Hyperledger Sawtooth is supported by an active community: organizations including Amazon Web Services, Active Ticketing,, Cloudsoft, Context Labs, Dot BC Media, Ericsson, Hacera, Huawei, IBM, Intel, Microsoft Azure, Monax, Open Music Initiative, PokitDok, R3, T-Mobile, Wind River and more than 50 engineers have contributed to the project. Additionally, Proof of Concepts (PoC’s) have been deployed to support multiple business cases including music and media content rights attribution, recording healthcare transactions, Know Your Customer (KYC) in financial services and others.

Hyperledger aims to create common distributed ledger technology that enables organizations to build and run robust, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions. The project has grown to more than 185 members since its inception, spanning various industries including finance, healthcare, the Internet of Things, credit card services, supply chain and aeronautics, among several others.

Community Quotes:

“Intel is committed to accelerating blockchain adoption through collaborations with industry thought leaders like Hyperledger and The Linux Foundation,” said Rick Echevarria, Vice President, Software and Services Group and General Manager, Platforms Security Division, Intel Corporation. “We are proud of our contributions and the advancements Hyperledger Sawtooth is making in privacy, security and scalability, which are critical enterprise requirements that will enable faster adoption of distributed ledger technology.” Learn more.

“It is exciting and gratifying to see the Hyperledger Sawtooth team publish their 1.0 release,” said Christopher Ferris, Chair of the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee. “This release demonstrates that the ‘umbrella’ strategy, that Hyperledger has adopted, is working well and delivering on the promise of blockchain technologies for the enterprise.”

“The ticketing industry is crying out for security and immutable state with regards to ticket distribution to mitigate the growing nefarious agents that operate in this space,” said said Martin Vidler, Chief Technology Officer, Active Ticketing PLC. “Utilizing Hyperledger Sawtooth to create on-chain security, user reputation management and secure peer 2 peer transactions has shown that blockchain, focused and applied in the right way has massive benefits to both artists and consumers. We are proud to work in partnership with blockchain engineering specialists from Intel and other Hyperledger members, and this has made the Sawtooth Technology an integral part of Active’s proposition where this technology can benefit the live events industry.” Learn more.

“Our customers are looking to build scalable blockchain solutions for use cases across multiple industries,” said Matt Yanchyshyn, Director Solutions Architecture, Amazon Web Services. “Providing Sawtooth as a turn-key product running on Amazon Web Services (AWS) allows our customers to deploy their own blockchains in a matter of minutes, while reducing the time it takes to run blockchain-based solutions on AWS.” Learn more.

“Engaging with the Hyperledger Sawtooth team and technology has been an amazing experience from start to finish,” said Benji Rogers, Chief Executive Officer, dotBlockchain Media. “We are excited to continue the vital work of creating the global protocol and format for media, rights, identity, authority and communication with Sawtooth and Intel® Software Guard Extensions as its backbone.” Learn more.

“The release of Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0 is a significant milestone for the Hyperledger community and the Enterprise Blockchain space, said Ram Jagadeesan, Distinguished Engineer and CTO of Blockchain at Cisco and Hyperledger Governing Board Member and Chair of Architecture Work Group. “At Cisco, we strongly believe in open source, standards and interoperability, and are excited to see the Sawtooth team reach this milestone and showcase the vibrant and diverse DLT ecosystem developing under the Hyperledger umbrella.” Learn more.

“Huawei welcomes the 1.0 release of Hyperledger Sawtooth,” said Stephen McNamara, Chief Architect Blockchain, Huawei. “Pushing the blockchain configuration onto the chain itself, the addition of “un-pluggable” consensus rules, and parallel transaction execution are all valuable additions to the platform. We look forward to trying it further now that the GA release is complete.” Learn more.

“Monax has very much enjoyed the pleasure of working with the Sawtooth team to bring flexible, fast, and secure blockchain technology into the real world,” said Casey Kuhlman, CEO, Monax. “Sawtooth’s design has allowed the team to leverage prior work from other Hyperledger projects embracing the essence of what the best open source projects are meant to do. We look forward to continuing to work together in driving forward the cutting edge of blockchain technology.” Learn more.

“The Open Music Initiative is proud to have selected Hyperledger Sawtooth as it’s reference platform,” said Panos A. Panay, Vice President, Innovation and Strategy, Berklee College of Music; co-founder Open Music Initiative. “Blockchain is developing to be a crucial technology for ensuring that creators and rights owners are appropriately identified and compensated across the entire value chain of the music industry. We are excited to see Sawtooth reach this milestone of maturity.” Learn more.

“As the first company to demonstrate a working solution of full hardware-based consensus and smart contract computation on blockchain, PokitDok relies on Hyperledger Sawtooth and The Linux Foundation to help us protect sensitive information, code, and data, while at the same time scaling these computational complexities,” said Ted Tanner Jr., Co-Founder and CTO, PokitDok. Learn more.

“Hyperledger Sawtooth is a unique blockchain platform because of its native integration with Intel® Software Guard Extensions. Another special feature is that smart contracts can be written in multiple programming languages including Java and Python,” said Shinam Arora, CEO, Primechain Technologies. “Primechain Technologies is working on developing a KYC system and a Financial Instrument Lifecycle Management solution on Hyperledger Sawtooth. We are also working on integrating Sawtooth in our blockchain appliance.” Learn more.

“As early partners on Hyperledger Sawtooth, we witnessed first-hand the innovative approach Intel takes to solving some of the mutual challenges faced by enterprise blockchain platforms,” said Todd McDonald, Co-Founder and Head of Partnerships, R3. “We are delighted to see them reach this milestone and look forward to continuing our work together.” Learn more.

“State Bank of India (SBI) is leveraging Hyperledger Sawtooth for our blockchain applications like Smart Contracts, KYC, AML, Consortium Lending, Reconciliation and others,” said Sudin Baraokar, IT Innovation Advisor to SBI. “SBI is working with PrimeChain Technologies and BankChain, an alliance of 30+ banks, in efforts to launch and deploy several production-ready Blockchain solutions in 2018.” Learn more.

“As the Un-carrier, T-Mobile approaches the wireless industry differently, from the customer experience to pushing the limits of the technologies that power our business and service,” said Warren McNeel, Senior Vice President, Digital Technology and Development, T-Mobile. “Using Hyperledger Sawtooth as a platform, the company created Sawtooth Hyper Directory as an Identity and Access Management (IAM) solution, and we’re excited to continue to develop new solutions on the platform that can help add value and functionality for both customers and our business.” Learn more.

“Given its potential benefits, the significance of blockchain has increasingly grown in recent times. The Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0 platform can provide important infrastructure elements that enable the delivery of open commercial grade software components ledger for IoT devices,” said Michel Genard, General Manager, Operating Systems, Wind River. “Using this platform, it will be possible to track essential information about the open source in use, including security vulnerabilities, license compliance artifacts and cryptography technologies. We look forward to continuing our work with this project.” Learn more.

“Filament supports Hyperledger Sawtooth out of the box on our blockchain-native hardware, the Blocklet Chip™,” said Allison Clift-Jennings, CEO, Filament. “We currently have several Sawtooth IoT blockchain pilots underway that are designed to deliver trusted verification, interaction and full transaction capability in markets such as transportation and energy. Hyperledger Sawtooth 1.0 is the next step in enabling scalable and trusted distributed ledgers for these environments that need to physically trace assets and verify data in a blockchain.” Learn more.

Additional Resources:

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance blockchain technology by addressing important features for a cross-industry open standard for distributed ledgers. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger as a Collaborative Project under the foundation. To learn more, visit:

Diverse set of new members includes leaders in healthcare, consulting, advertising, supply chain & technology

SAN FRANCISCO – (January 25, 2018) – Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, announced today that 27 new organizations have joined. As a multi-project, multi-stakeholder effort, Hyperledger incubates nine business blockchain and distributed ledger technologies, including Hyperledger Fabric, Hyperledger Iroha, Hyperledger Indy, Hyperledger Burrow, Hyperledger Quilt and Hyperledger Sawtooth, among others.

“Growth in membership continues to exceed our expectations,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “2018 looks very promising for production deployments, and I think we’re just on the edge of this technology as part of a new Internet stack that will significantly impact the way we conduct business and society. We very much look forward to working with these new members.”

Hyperledger aims to enable organizations to build robust, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions by creating enterprise grade, open source distributed ledger frameworks and code bases. It is a global collaboration of more than 185 organizations including leaders in finance, banking, IoT, supply chain, manufacturing and technology. The latest general members are: Aetna, Blockchain Training Alliance, 8base, Centra Tech, Dealer Market Exchange (DMX), Easy Visible Supply Chain Management, Elementrem, Eli Lilly & Company, Embleema, Filament, KrypC Corp, MetaX, PetroBloq, Pravici, PwC, Smartchains, Tencent Cloud, Thales, Turkcell, VitalHub Corp., and Ziggurat Technology.

Hyperledger supports an open community that values contributions and participation from various entities. As such, pre-approved non-profits, open source projects and government entities can join Hyperledger at no cost as Associate members. Associate members joining include: Infrachain, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania, Produce Marketing Association, Smart Dubai Office, University College London, and Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.

New member quotes:


“Aetna looks forward to working with Hyperledger as a place to collaborate on the evolution of blockchain technology to understand firsthand the opportunities for corporate and healthcare industry adoption,” said Robert Samuel, Sr. Director, Enterprise Architecture Technology Strategy and Research.

Blockchain Training Alliance

“We are excited to join Hyperledger and develop future professionals through relevant, accessible, and comprehensive training. Delivering value that accelerates the Hyperledger community is our ultimate goal,” said Chad Decker, CEO, Blockchain Training Alliance. “We are dedicated to leading Hyperledger training efforts globally by promoting the highest standards of education and professional excellence that benefits both the learners and the Hyperledger Project.”


“Joining Hyperledger is a significant step for 8base in making blockchain enterprise-ready and accelerating our customers’ journey to production,” said Albert Santalo, CEO, 8base. “Our commitment to Hyperledger will help enterprise-grade blockchain technology adoption and will enable 8base to innovate in the most demanding applications.”

Centra Tech

“Centra is thrilled and honored to be working with the Hyperledger community,” said Chase Zimmerman, Chief Marketing Officer, Centra Tech. “Our goal is to create a world connected to cryptocurrencies with our four core products including the Centra Wallet to store digital assets, the Centra Card to spend digital assets, as well as two soon to be released products and services – the Centra Marketplace to buy goods with digital assets and the cryptocurrency Centra Exchange platform to buy, sell and trade digital assets. We believe with our Centra team and the Hyperledger network that has been established, we are able to raise the stakes and reach new heights delivering the very best products and services available.”

Dealer Market Exchange

“Hyperledger is truly a unique group to work with. Our DMX Foundry team is right now forging the dealership model of tomorrow in blockchain. Being the leading open source collaborative effort advancing cross-industry blockchain technologies hosted by The Linux Foundation, we could not have entered a greater partnership opportunity,” said Jason Bennick, CEO and Co-Founder, Dealer Market Exchange. “Changing 100 years of industry habit and legacy technology will not be easy. We’re confident that with the business blockchain frameworks that Hyperledger provides, DMX will realize this change in earnest; migrating dealerships, manufacturers, and consumers well into the 21st century.”

Easy Visible Supply Chain Management

“Easy Visible is an early adopter of blockchain technology. Back to 2016 we started to build a Hyperledger Fabric based supply chain financing platform. This platform has served many customers including trade companies and banks. They have benefited from what we provide — more trustworthy and transparent trade context, significantly improved efficiency, and reduced risk,” said Ling Shao, CTO, Easy Visible. “We are thrilled to join the Hyperledger community and we believe our unique understanding and demonstration of supply chain finance with the underlying Hyperledger technology will bridge the gaps between hyperledger community and supply chain industry.”


“We have no doubt that Hyperledger will become a necessity for enterprise blockchain,” said Isaiah Kim, Founder and CEO, Elementrem. “It is a great pleasure for us to carry out the project with this vibrant community. At Elementrem, we are well aware of how important it is to migrate existing information into blockchain in a flexible way in order for companies to be able to process their new information for evolving business needs. We will work together with Hyperledger to help companies utilize blockchain effectively as a familiar interface regardless of their type of information.”

Eli Lilly & Company

“Eli Lilly and Company is a global healthcare leader that discovers and develops medicines to help people live longer, healthier, more active lives,” said Mike Meadows, CTO, Eli Lilly & Company. “We believe healthcare is on the verge of a technology revolution. As a result, we are excited to join The Linux Foundation and Hyperledger, reinforcing our commitment to the open-source community and partnering on the potential for blockchain technologies within healthcare.”


“We are delighted to join the Hyperledger open source consortium and look forward to contributing to the advancement of blockchain in healthcare,” said Robert Chu, CEO, Embleema Inc. “We are fully committed to leveraging blockchain for delivering better care to patients and working with the Hyperledger community to make the technology the next standard for patient-centric applications.”


“Filament is focused on taking enterprise and industrial IoT connectivity benefits to the next level and we believe blockchain will enable new business models for entire industries,” said Allison Clift-Jennings, CEO, Filament. “Joining Hyperledger is invaluable, as we can collaborate with a powerful community to move blockchain and IoT centric solutions forward that are likely to be game changers for all businesses with critical data.”

KrypC Corp

“KrypC is a global technology company, delivering enterprise-grade blockchain products and solutions to the public and private sector. Joining Hyperledger is not just a great pleasure for us, but a natural step forward in our evangelization of blockchain technology’s innate business value,” said Ravi Jagannathan, CEO, KrypC Corp. “Our flagship product ‘KrypCore’ is a configurable, zero coding platform. It integrates businesses’ value chains, automates processes and enables all network participants and contributors to steer their business with ease. We strongly feel that our collaboration and contribution towards Hyperledger’s open source community mission will create enormous value for the entire ecosystem in delivering ‘future proofed’ innovative solutions.”


“We are excited to join Hyperledger and become involved in their open source community,” said Alanna Gombert, CRO, MetaX. “Our adChain protocol is focused on translating and deploying digital advertising standards cross-chain and Hyperledger is an important addition. We are looking forward to the work ahead!”


“PetroBloq’s mission is to provide the energy industry with world-class blockchain based platforms,” said Alex Blyumkin, CEO of PetroBloq which is a subsidiary of Petroteq Energy Inc. (tk:PQE.v.) “Our involvement with Hyperledger and The Linux Foundation is a crucial part of our mission. We are inviting global oil producers and other industry participants to join our PetroBLOQ consortium, so together we can change the industry.”


“Pravici has vast experience implementing loyalty programs and technologies. Our client roster includes some of the largest and most successful companies in the world of automobiles, travel and transportation, and captive finance,” said Mahesh Balan, CEO, Pravici. “We are very excited to now be able to deliver blockchain (and DLT) solutions to these same corporate clients. Pravici is using Hyperledger Fabric to deliver a Tokenized Loyalty Platform (TLP), and helping these customers to integrate the TLP with popular loyalty products such as Oracle’s Loyalty Cloud and Oracle’s Siebel Loyalty. We are thrilled to be part of Hyperledger.”


“We are excited to become members of Hyperledger,” said Steve Davies, Global Blockchain Leader, PwC. “Having actively worked with Hyperledger for some time, this decision is reflective of our desire to take our involvement to the next level and become a participant and contributor to the foundation. PwC has developed a global network of blockchain specialists, working with clients across multiple industries to explore this emerging technology and bring it to life for business.”

Tencent Cloud

“Blockchain technology has shown a promising prospect of application in the finance industry, and we’ve developed our vertical solutions around industry usage scenarios to help financial institutions to obtain a stable, reliable and flexible blockchain service,” said Qiu Yuepeng, vice president of Tencent and president of Tencent Cloud. “To better drive the development of smart finance, we are looking forward to joining Hyperledger and helping financial institutions develop services based on blockchain.”


“Digital security is our business. For more than 30 years, Thales has helped financial institutions, global enterprises and government organizations think smarter and act faster – making life better and keeping us safer,” said Jon Geater, Chief Technology Officer at Thales eSecurity. “In a world that is increasingly fast moving and unpredictable we need technology solutions that can keep us one step ahead of the threat. Blockchain technology is rapidly becoming a key component of high integrity connected systems and we are very pleased to join the impressive Hyperledger community to build a secure and trusted digital future.”


“Thanks to the first wave of digitalization, we have become familiar with the IOT, cloud solutions, virtual reality, big data, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles and many other new techno trends,” said Mine Şenuysal Özgür, IT Director at Turkcell Finansman. “These revolutionary technologies have made our life easier, enabling us to access anything we want. While the radically novel approaches offered by digitals still prevail, a totally different pioneer has recently become popular. ‘Blockchain’ has emerged as a new system that proves the possibility of techno platforms being consolidated on one platform, thus reducing workload and process transactions. It appears to be the foundation of secure for the future. The collective power of the system leads our life in terms of numerous innovative gains and gives rise to radical changes. We are proud to be a part of Hyperledger in the development of the new generation blockchain, which has made a quantum leap in global asset transfer due to the positive and disruptive effects of the said changes, reduced the cost and duration of transactions and restored the feeling of trust.”


“We are excited about the opportunity to work alongside world-leading corporations, consultancies, and organizations across the technology sector, to develop commercially viable and scalable blockchain solutions,” said Dan Matlow, CEO, VitalHub. “The combination of VitalHub’s healthcare domain expertise, along with Hyperledger’s depth and collaboration will enable us to develop impactful healthcare blockchain applications aligned with our customer’s needs, with global applicability and impact. We are well underway in our or effort to build healthcare applications that leverage blockchain technology and the Hyperledger platform.”

Ziggurat Technology

“As a Chinese creative technology startup company with several Hyperledger core developers, [Ziggurat] has just had its 1st birthday. We feel proud to be acknowledged by the core circle of the international blockchain technology community, and to have the opportunity to contribute, together with all the other important members, to The Linux Foundation and Hyperledger,” said Tang Ling, CEO, Ziggurat. “Based on Hyperledger, we have already developed a series of tools that aim precisely at the current needs of the global creative industries such as BaaS and SDK. This is also the very primary reason why I founded Ziggurat: always base on clients, and to explore the driving force blockchain technology can bring to the progressing of the society, civilisation and economy.”

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit: https://www.hyperle