The popular and lightning-fast web engine built using the Rust programming language will grow the community and expand its platform footprint

KubeCon, November 17, 2020 – The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced it will host the Servo web engine. Servo is an open source, high-performance browser engine designed for both application and embedded use and is written in the Rust programming language, bringing lightning-fast performance and memory safety to browser internals. Industry support for this move is coming from Futurewei, Let’s Encrypt, Mozilla, Samsung, and Three.js, among others.

“The Linux Foundation’s track record for hosting and supporting the world’s most ubiquitous open source technologies makes it the natural home for growing the Servo community and increasing its platform support,” said Alan Jeffrey, Technical Chair of the Servo project. “There’s a lot of development work and opportunities for our Servo Technical Steering Committee to consider, and we know this cross-industry open source collaboration model will enable us to accelerate the highest priorities for web developers.”

Servo is an open source project that delivers components that can load, run, and display web pages, applications, and immersive WebXR experiences. Developers can integrate the Servo web engine — including a parallelized CSS engine that speeds page load times and improves stability and a rendering engine called WebRender — into their own user interfaces, 3D experiences, and other products. Servo currently runs on Linux, macOS, and Windows, and has been ported to devices such as Android phones, Oculus, Magic Leap, and Microsoft’s HoloLens. Servo was instrumental in building Mozilla’s Gecko browser engine that powered the launch of the Firefox Quantum web browser in 2017, and is still core to Firefox’s DNA today.

In 2012, Mozilla started the Servo project, a community effort to create a new, open source browser engine that can take advantage of multicore hardware to improve speed, stability, and responsiveness. Today, Servo is more efficient than most web engines because it takes advantage of low-power multi-core CPUs. This is enabled by the open source Rust programming language that focuses on speed, memory safety, and parallelism. Rust and Servo co-evolved, and during their early days, Servo was the only large-scale Rust program other than the Rust compiler itself. Rust’s memory safety guarantees mean that Servo presents a smaller attack surface for security vulnerabilities such as buffer overflow attacks. Rust and Servo were both incubated by Mozilla, and the next step for Servo is through the Linux Foundation.

“Mozilla is a champion of the open source movement, working to unite passionate communities to build software that keeps the internet open and accessible to all,” said Adam Seligman, Chief Operating Officer at Mozilla. “We’re pleased to see Servo graduate from Mozilla and move on to the Linux Foundation where we know this technology will continue to thrive and power web-based innovation in the future.”

“Servo is the most promising, modern, and open web engine for building applications and immersive experiences using web technologies, and that has a lot to do with the Rust programming language,” said Mike Dolan, senior vice president, and general manager of projects at the Linux Foundation. “We’re excited to support and sustain this important work for decades to come.”

For more information about the Servo project and to contribute, please visit

About the Linux Foundation
Founded in 2000, the Linux Foundation is supported by more than 1,500 members and is the world’s leading home for collaboration on open source software, open standards, open data, and open hardware. Linux Foundation’s projects are critical to the world’s infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, and more.  The Linux Foundation’s methodology focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users, and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at


The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see its trademark usage page: Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.


Media Contact
Jennifer Cloer

SAN FRANCISCO, October 31, 2019The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced enrollment is now open for a new, free, course – Exploring GraphQL: A Query Language for APIs. This course is offered through edX, the trusted platform for learning.

GraphQL is revolutionizing the way developers are building APIs for web, mobile and even databases. But what exactly is GraphQL? GraphQL is an open source data query and manipulation language for APIs, and a runtime for fulfilling queries with existing data.

This course explains what GraphQL is and why it is getting so much attention from software engineers. It covers the advantages over REST, what types of software architectures to use it with, and why it benefits both frontend and backend developers. The student practices GraphQL queries in an interactive playground, and learns advanced topics such as how to implement a GraphQL server on the backend, how to use a GraphQL server with a client, and how to keep the GraphQL server secure. The course content was originally created by Prisma, and updated and maintained by Novvum.

“Since open sourcing GraphQL, I have been blown away by the growth of the technology and community. I’m excited to see the introduction of more educational material which I hope will help our community continue to grow and reach developers world-wide.” – Lee Byron, Executive Director, GraphQL Foundation, and GraphQL Co-Creator

This course will help programmers gain the skills needed to use GraphQL for a small project or professionally in production. They will feel comfortable getting started with the right tools for their use case.

For the nontechnical person, this course will help them improve communication with developers and to participate in conversations about GraphQL. They will understand when and why to use GraphQL for a project.

Exploring GraphQL: A Query Language for APIs is available at no cost, with content access for up to 7 weeks. Learners may upgrade to the verified track for $99, which includes all graded assessments, unlimited access to the course content and the ability to earn a Verified Certificate upon passing the course.

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page:

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

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Media Contact:

Clyde Seepersad

The Linux Foundation


In conjunction with Zend Technologies and Rogue Wave Software, we are excited to announce that the Zend Framework is transitioning to the Linux Foundation and will launch later this year as a new project called Laminas.

The Zend Framework is a collection of professional PHP packages that can be used to develop web applications and services using PHP 5.6+, and it provides 100% object-oriented code using a broad spectrum of language features.

Over the years, the Zend Framework has seen wide adoption across industries and application types with more than 400 million lifetime installs. It is used by companies including the BBC, BNP Paribas, and It has formed the basis of numerous business applications and services including eCommerce platforms, content management, healthcare systems, entertainment platforms and portals, messaging services, APIs, and many others.

The Linux Foundation will provide a vendor-neutral home for the Zend Framework community to continue to advance PHP tooling for the next generation of web services and APIs, while maintaining existing Zend Framework components, including the Apigility and Expressive subprojects.

To learn more about the Laminas project and how to get involved, please visit

Newly Formed Foundation to Accelerate Next Phase of JavaScript Ecosystem Growth

OPEN SOURCE LEADERSHIP SUMMIT, Half Moon Bay, Calif. — March 12, 2019 — The Node.js Foundation and the JS Foundation today announced they are merging to form the OpenJS Foundation.

The mission of the OpenJS Foundation is to support the healthy growth of JavaScript and web technologies by providing a neutral organization to host and sustain projects, as well as collaboratively fund activities that benefit the ecosystem as a whole. The OpenJS Foundation is made up of 31 open source JavaScript projects including Appium, Dojo, jQuery, Node.js, and webpack.

“This is an exciting step forward for the entire open source JavaScript community, as it strengthens the impact of our collective efforts under one united Foundation,” said Dave Methvin, Technical Advisory Committee Chair, JS Foundation. “A new merged Foundation is able to better serve the community and members to grow the JavaScript ecosystem from a technology and standards perspective.”

The OpenJS Foundation is supported by 30 corporate and end user members, including GoDaddy, Google, IBM, Joyent, PayPal, and Microsoft. These members recognize the interconnected nature of the JavaScript ecosystem and the importance of providing a neutral home for projects which represent significant shared value.

“OpenJS Foundation will provide improved member and community engagement by creating one, premier home for projects within the open JavaScript community to provide access to resources that enable better collaboration and sustainability,” said Mike Dolan, vice president of strategic programs, the Linux Foundation. “By creating a single vibrant home for any JavaScript project, the OpenJS Foundation is able to increase collaboration across the ecosystem.”

The JS Foundation and Node.js Foundation have coexisted independently for a number of years. Thanks to the interconnected nature of the JavaScript ecosystem, both organizations have grown continuously closer in technical collaboration including hosting a joint technical conference, Node+JS Interactive, beginning in 2018, which resulted in the largest event to date with a 25% increase in event attendance over the previous year.  

The merger process started six months ago, and included consensus gathering from the community as well as close collaboration with the Linux Foundation and the governing boards of the Node.js Foundation and the JS Foundation. Today’s announcement celebrates a turning point in this process as the new governance structure is now in place and the community will start operating under the OpenJS Foundation.

The OpenJS Foundation will eliminate operational redundancies between the two organizations, streamline the experience for companies that provide essential financial support through membership, and coordinate efforts within the JavaScript community and with affiliated standards bodies.

New members and new project proposals are welcome to join at any time.

Additional Resources

About OpenJS Foundation

The OpenJS Foundation is committed to supporting the healthy growth of  the JavaScript ecosystem and web technologies by providing a neutral organization to host and sustain projects, as well as collaboratively fund activities for the benefit of the community at large. The OpenJS Foundation is made up of 29 open source JavaScript projects including Appium, Dojo, jQuery, and Node.js, and webpack and is supported by 30 corporate and end user members, including GoDaddy, Google, IBM, Joyent, PayPal, and Microsoft. These members recognize the interconnected nature of the JavaScript ecosystem and the importance of providing a central home for projects which represent significant shared value.

Node.js Foundation is a licensed mark of Node.js Foundation. Node.js is a trademark of Joyent, Inc. and is used with its permission. JS Foundation is a registered trademark of the JS Foundation.

Media Contact
Sarah Conway


Zowe 1.0 offers a modern interface to interact with the power of z/OS on the mainframe.

Mainframes are, and will continue to be, a bedrock for industries and organizations that run mission-critical applications. In one way or another, all of us are mainframe users. Every time you make an online transaction or make a reservation, for example, you are using a mainframe.

According to IBM, corporations use mainframes for applications that depend on scalability and reliability. They rely on mainframes in order to:

  • Perform large-scale transaction processing (thousands of transactions per second)
  • Support thousands of users and application programs concurrently accessing numerous resources
  • Manage terabytes of information in databases
  • Handle large-bandwidth communication

Often when people hear the word mainframe, though, they think of dinosaurs. It’s true mainframes have aged, and one challenge the mainframe community faces is that they struggle to attract fresh developers who want to use latest and shiniest technologies.

Zowe milestones

Zowe, a Linux Foundation project under the umbrella of Open Mainframe Project is changing all that. Through this project, industry heavyweights including IBM, Rocket Software, and Broadcom came together to modernize mainframes running z/OS.

The Zowe project was announced last year — about six months ago — but it has reached several major milestones. To date, the project, Zowe has seen more than 1,700 downloads of the beta releases, 700+ individuals connect with the project over Slack and mailing lists, and more than 50 committers. And, this week, the Open Mainframe Project announced the release of Zowe 1.0.

In general, 1.0 releases are important for any project as they indicate that the project is ready for production. And, since Zowe already has the Core Infrastructure Initiative (CII) Best Practices Badge, users can rest assured that the project follows best practices and conformance in driving secure software development and governance in open source.

So what’s new in Zowe?

One of the core features of Zowe is a modern interface to interact with the power of z/OS. Zowe 1.0 comes with modern interfaces for web applications for z/OS, and it features a new command line interface and expansion of platform REST API capabilities.

“Much of the past 6 months has been focused on the shift from proprietary to open source development methodology, as well as bringing more and more of the codebase under the project to be able to ship a 100% EPLv2 compatible release,” said John Mertic, Director of Strategic Programs at the Linux Foundation and Open Mainframe Project. “Even with that, there has been some early work in the community on building off the platform – one great example comes from Alex Kim at Vicom Infinity, who has build a voice activated smart device for a mainframe administrator to interact with their mainframe via voice commands.”

Additionally, Mertic said, “The community has been focused on building developer documentation and guides, as well as being active on the community Slack channels to provide 1:1 support for those developers trying and testing Zowe. There also are a number of university hackathons and class projects starting to pick up Zowe – one example is the current capstone program for VCU.”

As a result of this community work, Zowe feels similar to a cloud-like environment that most developers and admins are familiar with. Zowe also serves as an integration platform for the next generation of tools for administration, management, and development on z/OS mainframes.

Zowe also offers a vendor-agnostic experience allowing users to mix and match tooling and technologies. It provides interoperability, through the latest web technologies, products, and solutions from multiple vendors, and it allows developers to use the familiar, industry-standard, open source tools to access mainframe resources and services.

Key highlights of Zowe include:

  • Functional extensions, integration between different third-party products and applications
  • Updated docs that define extension points and provide sample applications and tutorials
  • New pre-install scripts to help identify and verify the appropriate prerequisites prior to beginning the Zowe installation process
  • A Zowe API Mediation Layer that provides the foundation for a single point of access for mainframe service REST APIs

A growing community

Thanks to Zowe, the modern avatar of the mainframe is already attracting new users. According to Mertic, “The great part is the interest is both across vendors as well as end-users — showcasing multiple paths for Zowe adoption in the mainframe community.”

Going forward, Mertic said, “The community is looking to move fast, with early plans to have quarterly releases of the full framework. As Zowe is a framework that consists of three primary projects (API Mediation layer, Web UI, and CLI) with their own release cadence to help push innovation faster.

With these goals in mind, Zowe aims to help change the perception around mainframe and keep the technology evergreen.

If you want to try Zowe 1.0, you can grab the source code and compile it or get a build to integrate it with your products and services.

SAN FRANCISCO, February 11, 2019ODPi, a nonprofit Linux Foundation project, accelerating the open ecosystem of big data solutions, today announced the ODPi Egeria Conformance Program, which ensures vendors who ship ODPi Egeria in their product offerings are delivering a consistent set of APIs and capabilities, such that data governance professionals can easily build an enterprise-wide metadata catalog that all their data tools can easily leverage.

Egeria is one of the open source projects under the ODPi umbrella. ODPi aims to be a standard for simplifying, sharing and developing an open big data ecosystem.

“Open metadata and governance is incredibly valuable IT operating environments. The ODPi Egeria ecosystem is taking a big step today aimed at fulfilling the promise of delivering useful metadata exchange capabilities and vendors are beginning to sign up to the standards,” said John Mertic director of program management, ODPi. “By adopting ODPi Egeria standards and implementation as the core of your metadata management and governance program, an organization is able to future-proof their investments and be able to adopt the best-of-breed tools for their business.”

Open metadata and governance is a key part of the standardization of IT operating environments. If software and data components can be described in a common way, including the relationships between them, and annotated with governance requirements then it becomes much easier to automate deployments and optimize workload deployments. These are valuable outcomes for any company dealing with big data.

The ODPi Egeria Conformance program makes it possible for vendors to test their products to ensure their conformance to project standards and provides exclusive marks to use  in customer facing support materials. Conformance is accomplished through a self-testing program.

The Conformance program has been designed to aid businesses who are dealing with metadata and will quickly see the benefits of adding Egeria conformance to the list of requirements for new software tool purchases. Both IBM and SAS, leading vendors of data governance tools who have contributed to ODPi Egeria since it’s inception, have committed to ship ODPi Egeria Conformant products in 2019. Many more vendors are evaluating ODPi Egeria and will announce their conformance at a later date.

ODPi Egeria, a new project from ODPi launched in August 2018, supports the free flow of metadata between different technologies and vendor offerings. Egeria enables organizations to locate, manage and use their data more effectively. In addition, it provides governance features that smooth over the gaps between different vendor offerings enabling organization to have a complete and highly automated governance program

“ODPi Egeria brings much-needed standards to the world of metadata management and governance,” said Jay Limburn, IBM Distinguished Engineer and Director of Offering Management, Unified Governance and Integration Products. “The work aligns well with our unified governance strategy and we look forward to continuing our work with ODPi to deliver products based on ODPi Egeria and the ODPI Egeria Conformance Program.”

“The ODPi Egeria technology is advancing rapidly due to the support of companies such as IBM, ING and SAS. The project is less than a year old and already it is being embedded in key products,” said Mandy Chessell, lead for the ODPi Egeria project. “The launch of the conformance program is the next phase in its maturity, enabling vendors to advertise that their software can collaborate in the ODPi Egeria ecosystem. By delivering the conformance suite as open source, we are enabling organizations to verify that any technology they are considering purchasing will operate correctly in an ODPi Egeria ecosystem,”

“As a maintainer of the ODPi Egeria project, we are thrilled to see the next step in its maturity, with the ODPi Egeria Conformance program,” said Craig Rubendall, Vice President, Platform Research and Development, SAS.  “This program is critical to ensure the consistency and quality of the solutions integrating with and leveraging the ODPi Egeria open metadata standards. As SAS rolls out products that have this support we can be confident it is being done in a way that ensures the interoperability goals set by ODPi Egeria.”

Additional Resources

About ODPi
ODPi is a nonprofit organization committed to simplification and standardization of the big data ecosystem. As a shared industry effort, ODPi members represent big data technology, solution provider and end user organizations focused on promoting and advancing the state of big data technologies for the enterprise. For more information about ODPi, please visit:

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and commercial adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page:


Eventbrite, Foursquare, Here, Interline, and TriMet Use Mapzen’s Open, Accessible Mapping Platform Along with 70,000 People Worldwide

SAN FRANCISCO – January 28, 2019 –The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced that Mapzen, an open source mapping platform focused on the core components of map display including search and navigation, is a new Linux Foundation project.

Used by organizations such as Eventbrite, Foursquare, Mapbox, The World Bank, Snapchat, HERE Technologies, and Mapillary, Mapzen provides developers with open software and wide-ranging data sets that are customizable and easy to access. Using Mapzen, developers are able to take the open data and build vibrant maps equipped with search and routing services, augment their own libraries and also process data in real-time. This is something not available from conventional, traditionally proprietary mapping or geotracking services.

Launched by mapping industry veterans in 2013 in combination with architects, urban planners, movie makers, and video game developers, Mapzen will continue its mission to provide an open, sustainable and accessible mapping platform.

“Mapzen is excited to join the Linux Foundation and continue our open, collaborative approach to mapping software and data,” said Randy Meech, former CEO of Mapzen and current CEO of StreetCred Labs. “Shared technology can be amazingly powerful, but also complex and challenging. The Linux Foundation knows how to enable collaboration across organizations and has a great reputation for hosting active, thriving software and data projects.”

Mapzen’s services have historically seen upwards of 70,000 registered users. The project portfolio, now operated in the cloud and on-premise by a wide range of organizations, includes:

  • Tangram, a 2D/3D map rendering engine, which enables interactive visualizations in web browsers and on mobile devices. Tangram has over a thousand stars on GitHub and worked together closely with Mapzen’s Tilezen vector tile platform. These high-performance mapping components have ongoing contributions from staff members at Snapchat and HERE Technologies, among other organizations.
  • Valhalla, a routing engine that can plan trips by car, bike, foot, or public transit worldwide. Valhalla offers worldwide support for public transit, when paired with data from Mapzen’s Transitland platform. These mobility projects have ongoing contributions from staff at Mapbox, Mapillary, Interline Technologies, among other organizations.
  • Pelias, a geocoding search engine, has nearly 1,500 stars on GitHub. Pelias provides forward, reverse, and other forms of geocoding against a wide range of datasets, including Mapzen’s Who’s on First gazetteer, an openly licensed gazetteer of millions of places across the world.These search and data projects have ongoing contributions from staff at Cleared for Takeoff, the San Francisco International Airport (SFO) Museum, and the New York City Planning Department, among others.

Developers use Mapzen’s open resources and projects to create their own applications or integrate them into other products and platforms. Mapzen’s resources are all open source, so developers are able to build platforms to their liking without the restrictions of data sets put in place by other commercial providers.

“Mapzen is a high-utility technology for developers building aesthetically pleasing maps, which are increasingly important to a wide range of businesses and government agencies. Mapzen’s open approach to software and data has allowed developers and businesses to create innovative location-based applications that have changed our lives,” said Jim Zemlin, executive director at the Linux Foundation. “We look forward to extending  Mapzen’s impact even further around the globe in areas like transportation and traffic management, entertainment, photography and more to create new value for companies and consumers.”

In addition to neutral governance, the Linux Foundation will align resources to advance Mapzen’s mission and grow its ecosystem of users and developers. Linux Foundation services range from helping to organize events and working groups to providing marketing support and handling IP and other legal issues as they arise.

Mapzen User Quotes:

“We’ve been using Who’s On First to help power Eventbrite’s new event discovery features since 2017,” said Simon Willison, Engineering Director at Eventbrite. “The gazetteer offers a unique geographical approach which allows us to innovate extensively with how our platform thinks about events and their locations. Mapzen is an amazing project and we’re delighted to see it joining The Linux Foundation.”

“We support Mapzen in its mission to offer open source geolocation technology for developers and organizations around the globe, and we’re happy to see that they’ve joined The Linux Foundation,” said Matt Kamen, Senior Vice President of Engineering at Foursquare. “At Foursquare, we believe that the world needs access to location tech and insights from trusted, independent platforms. Tools like those from Foursquare and Mapzen spur creativity and innovation.”

“HERE is impressed by the quality and flexibility of Mapzen tools and we are excited to see them continuing as a Linux Foundation project,” said Oliver Fink, Director at HERE XYZ. “Tangram and Tilezen are important technologies for HERE XYZ — we look forward to contributing to them and further supporting the open source mapping community.”

“At Interline, we’re proud to continue to provide professional support for many Mapzen software users in the transportation sector,” said Drew Dara-Abrams former Head of Mobility Products at Mapzen and current Principal at Interline Technologies. “Both public transit agencies and private mobility providers see great benefits to open platforms for transit data and multi-modal routing. Interline looks forward to further growing this user-base and to collaborating with others under The Linux Foundation’s umbrella.”

“We use the Mapzen toolbox every single day,” said Jon Schleuss, Data and Graphics Journalist at the Los Angeles Times. “Tangram has empowered our newsroom to make more maps faster. It has given us the ability to create amazing maps from vector data for both online and in our printed newspaper. I am excited to see the future of those tools supported by the open source community.”

“The story of Mapzen demonstrates the genius of open source software,” said Bibiana McHugh, Manager of Mobility & Location-Based Services at TriMet.  “The code will continue to flourish through collaboration, community and shared resources, making it the smarter investment for government. TriMet is proud to use Pelias as part of the FTA MOD Sandbox grant project and to continue to collaborate on its development with Cleared for Takeoff.”

About Mapzen

Mapzen is an open and accessible mapping platform that focuses on the core components of geo platforms, including search, rendering, navigation, and data. Founded by map industry veterans in combination with architects, urban planners, movie makers, video game developers, artists and more, Mapzen empowers organizations of all sizes to reimagine what’s possible with cartography today. Mapzen supports the geo community through building tools and collaborating on open source mapping projects.

About the Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

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The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Airbnb, Apollo, Coursera, Elementl, Facebook, GitHub, Hasura, Prisma, Shopify, and Twitter Working Together to Accelerate GraphQL Adoption, Invite Others to Join New Initiative

SAN FRANCISCO – November 6, 2018 – The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, announces a broad coalition of industry leaders and users have joined forces to create a new open source foundation for the GraphQL project, which will be dedicated to growing and sustaining a neutral GraphQL ecosystem. Hosted under the Linux Foundation, the GraphQL Foundation’s mission will be to enable widespread adoption and help accelerate development of GraphQL and the surrounding ecosystem.

“As one of GraphQL’s co-creators, I’ve been amazed and proud to see it grow in adoption since its open sourcing. Through the formation of the GraphQL Foundation, I hope to see GraphQL become industry standard by encouraging contributions from a broader group and creating a shared investment in vendor-neutral events, documentation, tools, and support,” said Lee Byron, co-creator of GraphQL.

GraphQL is a next­-generation API technology developed internally by Facebook in 2012 before being publicly open sourced in 2015. As application development shifts towards microservices architectures with an emphasis on flexibility and speed to market, tools like GraphQL are redefining API design and client-server interaction to improve the developer experience, increasing developer productivity and minimizing amounts of data transferred. GraphQL makes cross-platform and mobile development simpler with availability in multiple programming languages, allowing developers to create seamless user experiences for their customers.

GraphQL is being used in production by a variety of high scale companies such as Airbnb, Atlassian, Audi, CNBC, GitHub, Major League Soccer, Netflix, Shopify, The New York Times, Twitter, Pinterest and Yelp. GraphQL also powers hundreds of billions of API calls a day at Facebook.

“We are thrilled to welcome the GraphQL Foundation into the Linux Foundation. This advancement is important because it allows for long-term support and accelerated growth of this essential and groundbreaking technology that is changing the approach to API design for cloud-connected applications in any language,” said Jim Zemlin, Executive Director, the Linux Foundation.

Unlike REST-based APIs, which take advantage of HTTP and existing protocols, GraphQL APIs provide developers with the flexibility to query the exact data they need from a diverse set of cloud data sources, with less code, greater performance and security, and a faster development cycle. Not only does this enable developers to rapidly build top­quality apps, it also helps them achieve consistency and feature parity across multiple platforms such as web, iOS, Android, and embedded and IoT applications.

The GraphQL Foundation will have an open governance model that encourages participation and technical contribution and will provide a framework for long-term stewardship by an ecosystem invested in GraphQL’s success.

“At Facebook, our mission is to give people the power to build community and bring the world closer together. We believe open source projects and the communities built around them help accelerate the pace of innovation and bring many minds to bear to solve large-scale challenges. GraphQL is one such project and community and the GraphQL Foundation will help ensure GraphQL continues to solve the real data fetching challenges that developers will face in building the products of tomorrow,” said Killian Murphy, Director, Facebook Open Source.

“GraphQL has redefined how developers work with APIs and client-server interactions. We look forward to working with the GraphQL community to become an independent foundation, draft their governance and continue to foster the growth and adoption of GraphQL,” said Chris Aniszczyk, Vice President of Developer Relations, the Linux Foundation.

Supporting Quotes

“Airbnb is making a massive investment in GraphQL, putting it at the center of our API strategy across both our product and internal tools. We are excited to see the Foundation play a key role in cultivating the community around GraphQL and continue to evolve GraphQL as a technology, paving the way for continued innovation of Airbnb’s API.” – Adam Neary, Tech Lead, Airbnb

“Given GraphQL’s centrality in the modern app development stack, the foundation we’re announcing today is not just necessary, but overdue. As the creators of Apollo, the most widely used implementation of GraphQL, we’re looking forward to working together with the Linux Foundation to define appropriate governance processes for this critical Internet standard.” – Geoff Schmidt, co­-founder and CEO of Apollo GraphQL

“GraphQL, and the strong ecosystem behind it, is leading to a fundamental change in how we build products, and it helps bring together teams and organizations of every size. At Coursera, GraphQL assists us in understanding the massive breadth of our APIs and helps us create transformative educational experiences for everyone, everywhere. We’re excited to see the impact of the GraphQL Foundation in making both the technology and the community stronger.” – Jon Wong, Staff Software Engineer, Coursera

“GraphQL has come a long way since its creation in 2012. It’s been an honor seeing the technology grow from a prototype, to powering Facebook’s core applications, to an open source technology on the way to becoming a ubiquitous standard across the entire industry. The GraphQL Foundation is an exciting step forward. This new governance model is a major milestone in that maturation process that will ensure a neutral venue and structure for the entire community to drive the technology forward.” – Nick Schrock, Founder, Elementl, GraphQL Co-Creator

“We created GraphQL at Facebook six years ago to help us build high-performance mobile experiences, so to see it grow and gain broad industry adoption has been amazing. Since Facebook open-sourced GraphQL in 2015, the community has grown to include developers around the world, newly-founded startups, and well-established companies. The creation of the GraphQL Foundation is a new chapter that will create a governance structure we believe will empower the community and provide GraphQL long-term technical success. I’m excited to see its continued growth under the Foundation’s guidance.” – Dan Schafer, Facebook Software Engineer, GraphQL Co-Creator

“GraphQL has proven to be a valuable, extensible tool for GitHub, our customers, and our integrators over the past two years. The GraphQL Foundation embodies openness, transparency, and community — all of which we believe in at GitHub.” – Kyle Daigle, Director, Ecosystem Engineering, GitHub

“This is a very welcome announcement, and we believe that this is a necessary step. The GraphQL community has grown rapidly over the last few years, and has reached the point where transparent, neutral governance policies are necessary for future growth. At Hasura, we look forward to helping the Foundation in its work.” – Tanmai Gopal, CEO, Hasura

 “GraphQL has become one of the most important technologies in the modern application development stack and sees rapid adoption by developers and companies across all industries. At Prisma, we’re very excited to support the GraphQL Foundation to enable a healthy community and sustain the continuous development of GraphQL.” Johannes Schickling, Founder and CEO, Prisma

“At Shopify, GraphQL powers our core APIs and all our mobile and web clients. We strongly believe in open development and look to the Foundation to help expand the community and nurture its evolution.” – Jean-Michel Lemieux, SVP Engineering, Shopify

“GraphQL is gaining tremendous adoption as one of the best protocols for remote retrieval of large object graphs. At Twitter, we are looking forward to what’s to come in the GraphQL ecosystem and are very excited to support the GraphQL Foundation.” – Anna Sulkina Sr. Engineering Manager, Core Services Group, Twitter

About the Linux Foundation
The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and industry adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at

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Emily Olin
The Linux Foundation

Public Q&A sessions Seeking Community Input to be Held at Node+JS Interactive in Vancouver, Canada, Oct. 10-12

 SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 4, 2018— The Node.js FoundationandJS Foundation today announced an intent to merge. A Q&A session will be held onsite at Node+JS Interactive from 7:30am – 8:30am PT, October 10 at West Ballroom A. Anyone attending Node+JS Interactiveis welcome to attend; questions can be submitted in advance anonymously via this Google Form or by email at

Leaders from the Node.js Foundation Board of Directors, Technical Steering Committee and Community Committee will join representatives from the JS Foundation Board of Directors and Technical Advisory Committee to facilitate the discussion, answer questions and solicit community input on the possible structure of a new Foundation. Joining forces will not change the technical independence or autonomy for Node.js or any of the 28 JS Foundation projects such as Appium, ESLint, or jQuery.

JavaScript is a versatile programming language that has expanded far beyond its role as a backbone of the web, entering new environments such as IoT, native apps, DevOps, and protocols. As the ecosystem continues to evolve —moving from browsers to servers, desktop applications to embedded devices —increased collaboration in the JavaScript ecosystem is more important than ever to sustain continued and healthy growth.

“The Node.js Foundation and JS Foundation boards have met several times already to discuss a potential alignment of the communities. The Foundation leaders and key technical stakeholders believe that a tighter alignment of communities will expand the scope of the current Foundations and enable greater support for Node.js and a broader range of JavaScript projects,” said Mike Dolan, Vice President of Strategic Programs, the Linux Foundation. “We are very interested in hearing directly from the community and welcome all questions, ideas, and opinions so that the structure aligns with the expectations of the community. For this reason, no formal decisions regarding a merged Foundation and its potential organizational structure, governance policies, technical framework or leadership have been made at this point and will be formalized based on feedback from the community.”

Additional goals for a merger include:

  • Enhanced operational excellence;
  • Streamlined member engagement;
  • Increased collaboration across the JavaScript ecosystem and affiliated standards bodies;
  • An “umbrella” project structure that brings stronger collaboration across all JavaScript projects; and
  • A single, clear home available for any project in the JavaScript ecosystem.

Today, JavaScript is nearly ubiquitous. Enterprises have been able to greatly reduce training costs and increase developer productivity because frontend JS developers can work on the server side, and vice-versa, eliminating the context switches and enabling all developers to pull from the same knowledge base and vast module ecosystem. Node.js is a major catalyst for this growth. It has become an important part of the modern web development stack and is often the assumed default when working with JavaScript. Merging the Foundations will bring the governance of these technologies in line with its real-world use.

“JavaScript is at the core of an ecosystem of technologies that form the backbone of the web and play an increasingly vital role across industry and society,” said Dan Appelquist, Director of Web Advocacy & Open Source at Samsung Research UK and JSF Board Member. “Strong governance, encouraging inclusive contributor communities and engagement in the ongoing standards development are all important factors in ensuring this ecosystem continues healthy development. A merged foundation is well positioned to deliver on these goals.”

“The possibility of a combined Foundation and the synergistic enhancements this can bring to end users is exciting,” said Todd Moore, Node.js Board Chairperson and IBM VP Opentech. “Our ecosystem can only grow stronger and the Foundations ability to support the contributors to the many great projects involved improve as a result.”

Top minds in API development and strategy, social justice in tech, and conscious coding bring a robust set of ideas to the keynote stage

 SAN FRANCISCO, September 6, 2018The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, and the OpenAPI Initiative, a Linux Foundation project created to advance API technology, today announced the full schedule for APIStrat 2018, taking place September 24-26 in Nashville, Tennessee.

The API Strategy & Practice Conference, known as APIStrat, is a conference focused on the future of the API economy. The ninth edition of the conference will bring together everyone – from the API curious to today’s leaders – to discuss opportunities and challenges in the API space. The event covers 13 different topic areas in the API economy, including microservices, API as products, API portals, API design, GraphQL and friends, API usability and, more.

Keynotes for the event include leading API voices from across the space as well as conversations that are important to the wider tech sector. Keynotes include:

  • Cristiano Betta, Senior Developer Advocate at Box, discussing A Live API
  • Virginia Eubanks, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University at Albany, SUNY discussing Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police and Punish the Poor
  • James Higginbotham, Executive API Consultant at LaunchAny discussing Lessons in Transforming the Enterprise to an API Platform
  • Kate O’Neill, author of Pixels and Place and lead at KO Insights, discussing Tech Humanism: Integration, Automation, and the Future of the Human Experience
  • Jenn Schiffer, Community Engineer at Glitch discussing Putting Your Best “Hello World” Forward
  • Steven Willmott, Senior Director and head of API Infrastructure at Red Hat discussing APIs meet Enterprise: Surfing the wave between Chaos and Innovation

Along with panels, sessions and keynotes, APIStrat hosts hands-on workshops, including:

  • Taming Your API from Sachin Agarwal, Principal Product Manager at LaunchDarkly
  • Usable APIs at Scale with Protocol Buffers and gRPCfrom Tim Burks, Staff Software Engineer at Google
  • A Tour of Mobile API Projection from Skip Hovsmith, VP of Growth at CriticalBlue
  • Practical SecDevOps for APIs from Isabelle Mauny, CTO at 42Crunch
  • Turning External Services to Internal APIs from Chris Phillips, SWAT Integration Architect at IBM
  • Secure API Development from Krishan Veer, Technical Leader and Security evangelist at Cisco DevNet

The full lineup of sessions can be viewed here. The event also offers a nursing room, complimentary childcare onsite (pre-registration is requested by September 7), a quiet room and non-binary restrooms.

Registration is discounted to $599 through September 14. Additional academic discounts are available as well; details are available on the event registration page. If you have an interest in becoming a diversity partner for this event, please email

Members of the media interested in attending can email Dan Brown at dbrown@linuxfoundation.orgto request a complimentary press pass.

APIStrat is made possible by Platinum Sponsors Red Hat and WS02; Silver Sponsor Oracle; Bronze Sponsors 42Crunch, API Fortress, Authlete, Postman, SmartBear and Stoplight; and Break Sponsor, Capital One DevExchange.

Sponsorship opportunities are still available. More information here.

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