1) An overview of Linux’s history reveals circumstance, innovation, and cross-platform demand resulted in its massive success and legacy. 

Linux Took Over the Web. Now, It’s Taking Over the World– WIRED

2) The 2016 Linux Kernel Development Report has been released and reveals profitability.

Another Day, Another 4,600 Lines of Linux Kernel Code– InfoWorld

3) “Just 7.7% of devs are unpaid—because Linux development is worth paying for.”

Linux turns 25, is Bigger and More Professional Than Ever– Ars Technica

4) At LinuxCon North America this week, Linux Foundation Executive Director Jim Zemlin looks back on 25 years of Linux. 

How Linux Conquered the World Without Anyone Noticing– CIO

5) “Thanks to a multi-year tradition, it is rather easy to predict when an improved version of Linux is about to roll out.”

Happy Birthday, Linux! 25 Years Of Changing The World With Code, Growing Stronger Than Ever– TechTimes

1) Microsoft’s PowerShell scripting language and command-line shell has been released as open source, meaning that Windows and Azure’s management tools will have a greater reach.

PowerShell is Microsoft’s latest open source release, coming to Linux, OS X– Ars Technica

2) Open source has come so far over the last few decades and perceptions of it have changed in the business world

What People Don’t Get About Open Source– Light Reading

3) Swapnil Bhartiya considers the new Google OSS announcement from this week.

Why Google’s New Linux-Less Fuchsia Operating System is a Huge Deal– CIO

4) The Linux Foundation has taken steps to mitigate Linux security flaw

1.4 Billion Android Devices Affected by Linux TCP Flaw– Softpedia

5) The Linux Foundation’s latest open source project is focused on the “architecture, implementation and support of digital networks.”

Linux Foundation Touts Open-Source PNDA for Network Analytics– Silicon Angle

Ahmed Alkabary is a recent graduate of the University of Regina in Canada, where he earned degrees in computer science and mathematics as an international student from Egypt. He was one of 14 aspiring IT professionals to receive a 2016 Linux Foundation Training (LiFT) scholarship, announced this week.   


Ahmed Alkabary

LiFT Scholarship winner Ahmed Alkabary

Ahmed began using Linux in the second year of his studies and quickly developed such a passion for it that he began extra studies outside of university to advance his skills. His enthusiasm for Linux even led him to develop a free course on Udemy to teach it to others; nearly 50,000 students have enrolled to date.

Now that he has finished his studies, Ahmed hopes to secure a job as a Linux system administrator. The scholarship will help him achieve his career goals by providing him with the additional training and certification he needs to land a position, he says. Why do you want to be a Linux sysadmin?

Ahmed Alkabary: For me, I don’t just appreciate the Linux operating system but I also feel like it has become my life. Whenever I’m on a Linux based computer I feel like I’m at home. You can say it is a passion that has taken many years of cultivating to become integrated in my life the way it is today.

In 2011 I was eager to purchase a brand new computer, but to my dismay the shop had only one computer that met my requirements. Although unbeknownst to me the computer had a specific operating system that I was unfamiliar with. The operating system was pre-installed with Linux,  specifically openSuse. I was so hesitant to purchase the computer but proceeded anyway. I hoped to change the operating system once I got home, but I was unsure of what came over me to keep Linux. But to this day I feel I have yet to make a decision that would have a greater impact on my life then the day I decided to keep Linux.

Right away I started to notice the efficiency of Linux and how all my needs were met in an instant. I started to teach myself the command line and I became very proficient at it. Then I began to understand why it was developed and how it was created. This sparked a flame inside me to learn more and to research more. I was engulfed in Linux so that it started to become something that I just wanted to do for the rest of my life. This passion that I have for Linux gave me the idea to pursue a career as a Linux sysadmin. What have you done so far to achieve that goal? How will the LiFT scholarship help?

Ahmed: I took many online Linux courses. I took Introduction to Linux on EdX made by The Linux Foundation. I also took Essentials of Linux System Administration on EdX. I also read many different books on Linux. I am preparing to take my LFCS certification exam next month and after that I would like to learn about the Linux kernel and how to contribute to the kernel project.

The LiFT scholarship will help cover the cost of the LFD420 Linux Kernel Internals and Development course. I want to be a Linux system administrator who has a full understanding of every aspect of Linux. Learning the Linux kernel would guarantee me that. I would also like to be a part of the open source community knowing very well about all the contributions they make to Linux. The kernel community is very supportive and knowledgeable and to become a part of that community would be an honor. In the long run, I even want to be able to write my own operating system! How did you develop the Linux course on Udemy?

Ahmed: After a few years of using and learning about Linux, I began to notice that there are not so many online courses or resources presented in an approachable manner to newbies. People who want to migrate towards Linux but are afraid to make the move. That’s when it came to my mind to construct a course on Udemy explaining the basics of the Linux command line. I wanted to break the fear that newbies have towards Linux. Most users don’t understand the value and usefulness of the command line interface.

I wanted to explain everything in a simpler manner. I even added animations and graphics so users don’t get discouraged while learning. I decide to make the course completely free because Linux is free to begin with and it would go against my beliefs to charge for something that was free. My aim was never to deter people from Linux but to attract a massive audience all over the world to learn Linux and appreciate its versatility. I also realized that a majority of my students could not afford to pay for an online course. What have you learned in teaching the course?

Ahmed: Making a course on Udemy and seeing all the messages that I get from the students thanking me for making the course and how I changed their lives motivates me on a daily basis. Whenever I feel like giving up and I get a positive review or a message from a student, It simply makes my day! One thing I learned also is that I am not a bad teacher after all! You’re a recent graduate, what are you doing now?

Ahmed: Currently I am working as a part-time online instructor at Robertson College in Canada. I teach several computer science courses including introduction to Linux. I basically got this job because of my course on Udemy. Also I am preparing for my LFCS as I mentioned and also working on getting few other certifications (RHCSA , CCNA) to be able to get my dream job as a Linux system administrator. I have gotten numerous interviews for other jobs but I want to keep hunting for my dream to become a Linux sysadmin. I also believe that the LiFT scholarship would enormously help on achieving my dream on becoming a Linux sysadmin.


Interested in learning more about starting your IT career with Linux? Check out our free ebook “A Brief Guide To Starting Your IT Career In Linux.”

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With more than 25 billion Internet connected things predicted to hit the market by 2020, the “Internet of Things” is evolving from a promise to an everyday reality. Whether it’s how we control our energy usage or secure our homes, smart devices are changing the world we live in and how we live.

IoT, like any disruptive technology shift, brings opportunities as well as challenges. Open source presents an opportunity for IoT to overcome interoperability barriers and innovate at an unprecedented rate. It provides a neutral forum for collaboration at scale and allows developers to contribute and advance software so that IoT products can get to market faster.

One key challenge is choice, and developers have a lot of it. For IoT to deliver on the promise of seamless connectivity, devices need a highly modular platform that can easily integrate with embedded devices. While Linux has proven itself time and again as the de facto operating system choice for embedded development, some IoT devices require a real-time operating system (RTOS) that addresses the very smallest of memory footprints.

To provide an open source solution that complements real-time Linux but keeps critical concerns like security and modularity top-of-mind, we created the Zephyr Project. Zephyr Project is a small, scalable, RTOS designed specifically for small-footprint IoT devices. It is also embedded with development tools and has a modular design so that developers can customize its capabilities and create IoT solutions that meet the needs of any device, regardless of architecture. This enables easier connectivity to the cloud as well as other IoT devices.

Recently the Zephyr Project announced Linaro as its newest member, joining the likes of Intel, NXP Semiconductors and Synopsys. As a global leader in open source development for the ARM ecosystem, Linaro will help drive Zephyr specifications and initiatives, and help the project realize its vision of becoming the premier multi-architecture open source RTOS for IoT.

The Zephyr Project comes at a critical time for the IoT small device development community. As an open source project, Zephyr unites the community to help make small, embedded devices “smarter,” while ensuring ubiquitous connectivity and security in small device infrastructure. It’s an exciting time for IoT, and we encourage anyone interested to join the effort.

Students and recent graduates, Linux beginners, longtime sysadmins, aspiring kernel developers, and passionate Linux users are all counted among the winners announced today who will receive a 2016 Linux Foundation Training (LiFT) scholarship.

The LiFT Scholarship Program gives free training courses to individuals who may not otherwise have access to these opportunities.  The recipients will also receive a Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) or Linux Foundation Certified Engineer (LFCE) exam.

This year, 14 LiFT scholarship recipients were chosen from more than 1,000 applicants, spanning in age from 13 to 66 and hailing from six continents.

The training provides recipients with the tools they need to advance their career or get started in one of the most lucrative jobs in IT. According to the 2016 Open Source Jobs Report, 65 percent of hiring managers say open source hiring will increase more than any other part of their business over the next six months, and 79 percent of hiring managers have increased incentives to hold on to their current open source professionals.

“I am currently seeking a full-time position as a Linux kernel developer, preferably in open source,” said Ksenija Stanojevic, 29, an engineer and former Outreachy intern from Serbia who is a LiFT scholarship recipient in the Kernel Guru category. “This scholarship will directly help me achieve my goals. Apart from giving more job opportunities it will allow me to work in a field that I love and am passionate about.”

Over the past six years, The Linux Foundation has awarded 48 scholarships worth more than $130,000 to current and aspiring IT professionals.

“Providing scholarships for advanced training helps those individuals who directly benefit from it to then contribute to existing open source projects and even start new ones, as well as pass their knowledge along to their communities,” said Linux Foundation Executive Director Jim Zemlin.  “We hope these scholarships serve as a catalyst for helping open source continue to grow and thrive.”

This year’s winners across seven categories include:

Academic Aces

Ahmed Alkabary, 23, Canada. A recent graduate of the University of Regina, where he earned degrees in computer science and mathematics.

Tetevi Placide Ekon, 24, Burkina Faso. A graduate student studying civil engineering at the 2iE Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering.

Developer Do Gooder

Luis Camacho Caballero, 42, Peru. A Linux user since 1998 who started a project to preserve endangered South American languages using Linux.

Kurt Kremitzki, 28, United States. Studying biological and agricultural engineering at Texas A&M and working with a university in Mexico to design irrigation systems for a Mayan community in the Yucatan.

Linux Kernel Guru

Alexander Popov, 28, Russia. A Linux kernel developer who has had 14 patches accepted into the mainline kernel to date.

Ksenija Stanojevic, 29, Serbia. An Outreachy intern who has worked on splitting the existing IIO driver into MFD with ADC and touchscreen parts and has contributed to the Year 2038 project.

Linux Newbies

Yasin Sekabira, 27, Uganda. A graduate of the computer science program at Makerere University.

Lorien Smyer, 52, United States. A former bookkeeper who decided she wanted to start a new career in computer science.

SysAdmin Super Star

Jacob Neyer, 20, United States. Deployed with the United States Air Force, where he administers Linux servers.

Sumilang Plucena, 33, Philippines. A systems analyst at the largest hospital in the Philippines, which runs Linux on all its servers.


Sarah Burney, 13, United States. An eighth grader at her middle school in Maryland, who has already completed a data science course at Johns Hopkins, as well as several coding programs.

Florian Vamosi, 15, Hungary. A grammar school student who has been using Linux since age 10, who is working on a color recognition system to categorize stars in astronomical research.

Women in Linux

Shivani Bhardwaj, 22, India. A recent computer science graduate and Outreachy intern who has already had more than 75 patches accepted to the staging driver of the Linux kernel.

Farlonn Mutasa, 21, South Africa. Passed the CompTIA Linux+ certification exam, which opened the door to a sysadmin internship.

The Linux Foundation aims to increase diversity in technology and the open source community and support career development opportunities for the next generation, especially those who have traditionally been underrepresented in open source and technology.

Get more information on The Linux Foundation Community Giving Programs.


It should go without saying that there is no substitute for face to face collaboration. And what is open source if not the ultimate example of collaboration? Open source events provide a wide range of opportunities for the community to connect, and the end result of all of this is good for the community and good for business.

Over the years, and across more than a hundred events, we’ve learned quite a bit of just what it is that makes events specifically so important to the community. Here are some of those reasons:

1. To advance technology. The world has come to understand that open source collaboration moves technology forward. A lot of work can be accomplished over mailing lists and conference calls, but it still slows the process. Time and time again, we hear from all types of technologists – kernel maintainers to architects, that there is absolutely no substitute for the face time they get at events.

2. To learn how the community works. Not everyone in tech starts in open source, and the open source community is unique. Attending events gives developers, sysadmins, operators, users, executives and other open source players and firsthand look at how the community operates. There is no better way to immerse yourself.

3. To get motivated. Programmers are often portrayed as people who work very independently, coding for long hours at their computers into the wee hours of the night. While the long coding hours part is probably true, programmers aren’t the lone wolfs they are sometimes portrayed as. Everyone wants to feel like they are a part of something bigger, part of a community. This is what drives open source. Attendees frequently tell us that the ability to meet in person with like-minded folks to discuss the projects and technologies they are working on is a huge motivation.

4. To connect directly with the maintainers, committers and key members of projects. One of the biggest benefits of our events that we often hear about is the ability to connect directly with these folks to ask questions and gain knowledge. For example, if a developer wants to start submitting patches to the kernel but wants some information on best practices to be successful at this, what better way to find out than to speak directly to one of the kernel maintainers? There is huge benefit to the growth of the community by being able to engage in person with these people.

5. To cross-pollinate. Some of our events gather together the developers who are building technologies, with the operators that are implementing them, the users that are benefiting from them, and the business leaders making the decisions. It is incredibly important for these groups to be able to connect and events provide that opportunity. For a developer to be able to explain value directly to a business leader? For a user to be able to ask questions or propose a new feature direct to a developer? Only the open source community truly allows this level of collaboration and events are the best place to offer it.

6. To learn about the Latest and Greatest. Technology moves fast. Every time you turn around there are new open source projects, new technologies and new advancements. Events provide an unprecedented ability to learn a ton of new information in a short amount of time, with the added benefit of being able to ask questions real time to the speakers presenting new information and to engage with others to discuss the material, ask questions and brainstorm right away.

7. To have fun. The open source community works hard and sometimes events can be a bit of an information overload, so attendees appreciate the ability to ‘take 5’ while onsite and have a little fun. 5k fun runs, games, evening events with good beer and company; these elements are appreciated by attendees and contribute to a productive experience.

The list of reasons could go on and on. The fact is, events provide different benefits for different attendees. The overarching point, though, remains the same: Events help further collaboration and the advancement of open source technology. If you’re thinking of attending an event, or contemplating sending some of your team to an event, and weighing all the pros and cons of whether you should go, the answer is: go. The knowledge gained, the relationships made, the questions answered – there is no substitute and everyone benefits.


Open source is the new normal for startups and large enterprises looking to stay competitive in the digital economy. That means that open source is now also a viable long-term career path.

“It is important to start thinking about the career road map, and the pathway that you can take and how Linux and open source in general can help you meet your career goals,” said Clyde Seepersad, general manager of training at The Linux Foundation, in a recent webinar.

Certification is one clear path with real career benefits. Forty-four percent of hiring managers in our recent 2016 Open Source Jobs Report said they’re more likely to hire certified candidates. And 76 percent of open source pros surveyed believe certifications lead to a career boost.

The Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and Certified Engineer (LFCE) exams are great opportunities for sysadmins to polish and prove their skills. The exams are available online to anyone in the world at any time. They’re also performance based, working within a Linux server terminal and overseen by a proctor. Because the format is not multiple choice, even seasoned pros will need some preparation in order to avoid common mistakes and complete the exam within the time limit.

To help you prepare for the certification exam, and a long and successful sysadmin career, we’ve gathered some tips, below, from Linux Foundation certified sysadmins who have completed the LFCS or LFCE exams.


Chris van Horn

Chris van Horn, LFCS

1. Practice

“Experience is key. Spin up a VM, take a fresh snapshot of it and go to work applying all the requirements of the exam in practice. When you feel you have satisfied all the exam topics thoroughly, apply that fresh snapshot to revert changes and begin again until it is second nature. Also, feel comfortable with man pages; they are your best friend when Google is not an option.”

Chris Van Horn, Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and a “Debian guy.”


Dashamir Hoxha

Dashamir Hoxha, LFCS

2. Give it time

“The best preparation is your experience. If you feel that you have enough experience with the topics required by the exam, you can give it a try. Otherwise, you have to work hard to get those skills.

Don’t think that in a short time you can learn everything.”

Dashamir Hoxha, LFCS, an Ubuntu user and open source contributor.


William Brawner

William Brawner, LFCS

3. Learn how to use man pages

“If you haven’t already, get familiar with the man pages. Know what they are and how to use them efficiently.

No matter how much you study, you can’t learn everything, and if you could, you wouldn’t retain it all anyway. The man pages will fill in the gaps.”

William Brawner, LFCS, and Arch Linux user who plans to take the LFCE exam next.


Francisco Tsao

Francisco Tsao, LFCE

4. Understand the material, don’t just memorize it

“Forget recipes, it’s not about memorization. Understand what are you doing by reading some books and documentation that give you a deep background of the tasks you’ll perform at the exam and in real life.

Imagine real problems and try to solve them.”

Francisco Tsao, LFCE, self-professed Debian fanboy and Fedora contributor.


George Doumas

George Doumas, LFCS

5. The boring stuff is still important

“Do not rely on one book only! Study and practice…even the stuff that you find mundane.

A portion of the tasks are boring, but you cannot avoid them.”

George Doumas, LFCS, and a fan of Scientific Linux, openSUSE, and Linux Mint.

6. Follow the instructions


Jorge Tudela Gonzalez de Riancho

Jorge Tudela Gonzalez de Riancho, LFCS

“For experienced professionals, I recommend that they prepare the environment for the exam, and follow the instructions. It’s not a difficult exam if you work daily with Linux.

On the other hand, for newcomers, apart from having a look to open/free resources, I just encourage them to set up a Linux environment at home and get their hands dirty!!”

Jorge Tudela Gonzalez de Riancho, LFCS, Debian user and Raspberry Pi enthusiast.

7. Have fun!


Gabriel Canepa

Gabriel Canepa, LFCS

“Make sure you love what you are doing, and do not forget to have fun, to experiment, and then to do it all over again and again, and make sure you learn something new each time.”

Gabriel Canepa, LFCS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux admin and technical writer.

Sign up to receive one free Linux tutorial each week for 22 weeks from Linux Foundation Training. Sign Up Now »

1) Splice Machine’s decision to go open source reminds us that OSS is the new normal. 

Has Open Source Become the Default Business Model for Enterprise Software?– ZDNet



The Bulgarian government kicks off a new open source software “experiment.”

2) Bulgaria’s government now requires all software written for their use to be open source. Sam Dean weighs the pros and cons.

As it Mandates Open Source, is Bulgaria Opening Questionable Doors?– OStatic

3) Here’s what you should learn from the breach of unpatched Ubuntu forum software.

The Hacking of Ubuntu Linux Forums: Lessons Learned– eWeek

4) “Anything made by a human is vulnerable” writes Howard Soloman about industry misgivings over The Dao project, a blockchain effort.

As a Blockchain-Based Project Teeters, Questions About the Technology’s Security– IT World Canada

5) Linux to be bumped to “a Web-based native version of Skype” due to a Skype rebuild.

Microsoft Kills P2P Skype, Native OS X, Linux Clients– The Register

In the 2016 Open Source Jobs Report, 90 percent of open source professionals surveyed said they keep their skills up to date with free online tutorials. Open source pros relish a challenge and are continuously learning to stay on the cutting edge of technology.

And so, to celebrate System Administrator Appreciation Day and help satisfy that burn to learn, The Linux Foundation is offering more free resources for advancing your sysadmin career.    

We’ll deliver one free e-book tutorial to your inbox each week for 22 weeks from Linux Foundation Training. Everyone who signs up for the series before then end of July will also be entered into a drawing to win one of 10 free e-learning courses of your choice or one of three free LinuxCon North America passes we’re giving away.  

The series will help test your knowledge of basic sysadmin principles and give you a quick, weekly refresher on the topics covered by the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) certification exam. It’s also just a great way to get more Linux tutorials.

Each e-book in the series gives a short overview of one topic that’s critical for Linux sysadmins to know, lists key ideas related to the topic, then gives you a scenario to work through, and shows you how to do it. Some of the topics include:

  • Using the command line

  • Filesystem and storage management

  • RAID devices and swap partitions

  • System security

And much, much more!

To enter to win, all you have to do is subscribe to the SysAdmin Tutorial Series between now and the end of July. Happy SysAdmin Day from all of us at The Linux Foundation!

Sign up now


1) The Linux Foundation’s Automotive Grade Linux project announces release of Unified Code Base 2.0.

Open-Source Linux a Step Closer to Automotive Use– CNet

2) Though the use of 3rd-party code in enterprise software projects grows, the code still often has open flaws.

Enterprise Software Developers Continue to Use Flawed Code in Apps– ComputerWorld

3) Anyone using a Chromebook/Chrome on Linux can visit to make one-to-one and group voice calls.

Linux Users Can Now Make Skype Calls From the Web in Chrome– TechCrunch

4) AT&T to release virtualisation automation software, amounting to over eight million lines of code.

AT&T’s ECOMP Code to Land Soon at Linux Foundation– The Register

5) New IBM innovation center to deliver tech pilots based on blockchain for finance and trade.

IBM to Open Blockchain Innovation Centre in Singapore– ZDNet